University of Oulu

Anna-Maria Tuomikoski, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Kristina Mikkonen, Maria Kääriäinen, Nurses’ experiences of their competence at mentoring nursing students during clinical practice: A systematic review of qualitative studies, Nurse Education Today, Volume 85, 2020, 104258, ISSN 0260-6917,

Nurses’ experiences of their competence at mentoring nursing students during clinical practice : a systematic review of qualitative studies

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Author: Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria1,2; Ruotsalainen, Heidi3; Mikkonen, Kristina4;
Organizations: 1Nursing Research Foundation, Asemamiehenkatu 2, FI-00520 Helsinki, Finland
2The Finnish Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care: A Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Finland
3Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Oulu, Finland
4University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, P:O:Box 5000, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
5University Hospital of Oulu, PL 10, FI-90029, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.7 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-11-06


Aim: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on nurse mentors’ experiences of their competence in mentoring nursing students during clinical practice.

Design: The research employed a systematic literature review that followed the guidelines of the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI).

Data sources: The databases CINAHL, Medline Ovid, Scopus, Eric, Web of Science, Medic, and OATD were systemically searched from 2000 to 2017.

Review methods: The identified studies were screened by title, abstract (n = 3080) and full-text (n = 91) using the following inclusion criteria: registered nurses, nurses’ experiences of competence in mentoring nursing students, acute and primary care organizations providing clinical practice for nursing students, qualitative study. Quality appraisal was performed, data extracted and findings from the included studies (n = 21) were pooled using meta-aggregation with the Qualitative Assessment and Review Instrument (JBI-QARI).

Results: A total of 92 extracted findings were aggregated into 21 categories and then further grouped into five synthesized findings: 1) creating an interactive relationship with the student; 2) developing mentor’s characteristics and cooperation with stakeholders; 3) providing goal-oriented mentoring; 4) supporting students’ development to nurse profession; 5) supporting the student’s learning process.

Conclusions: This review demonstrated that multifaceted mentoring competence is essential to supporting students’ learning processes and helping them become confident professionals. For this reason, the findings suggest that healthcare organizations which provide clinical practice for students should emphasize developing the mentoring competence of nurses by offering nurse mentors adequate education, ensuring that the organizational structure affords them sufficient support, and creating a receptive learning atmosphere.

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Series: Nurse education today
ISSN: 0260-6917
ISSN-E: 1532-2793
ISSN-L: 0260-6917
Volume: 85
Article number: 104258
DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2019.104258
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Funding: First author has been received funding from Finnish Nurses Association and the Foundation of Nursing Education for make possible to make this review.
Copyright information: © 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license