University of Oulu

Anna-Kaisa Försti, Ossi Vuorre, Eveliina Laurila, Jari Jokelainen, Laura Huilaja & Kaisa Tasanen. Pemphigus foliaceus and pemphigus erythematosus are the most common subtypes of pemphigus in Northern Finland. Acta Derm Venereol 2019; 99(12): 1127-1130.

Pemphigus foliaceus and pemphigus erythematosus are the most common subtypes of pemphigus in Northern Finland

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Author: Försti, Anna-Kaisa1,2; Vuorre, Ossi3; Laurila, Eveliina4;
Organizations: 1Department of Dermatology, Mehiläinen Länsi-Pohja Oy, Kemi
2Department of Dermatology and Medical Research Center Oulu, PEDEGO Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu University Hospital
3Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu
4Jyväskylä Health Centre, Jyväskylä
5nfrastructure for Population Studies, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu and Unit of General Practice, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Society for Publication of Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-02-26


Pemphigus is an autoimmune skin disease characterized by blistering and erosions of the skin and mucous membranes. Pemphigus is rare in Northern and Western Europe but its incidence is higher around the Mediterranean Sea. The most common type worldwide is pemphigus vulgaris. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of pemphigus subtypes in Northern Finland between 1985 and 2017. A total of 46 patients diagnosed with pemphigus at the Department of Dermatology of Oulu University Hospital were found the female/male ratio was 1.7. In contrast to many other countries it was found that in Northern Finland the superficial pemphigus subtypes were the most common: erythematosus or foliaceus (65%) followed by pemphigus vulgaris (26%). Over the past 4 decades the annual incidence of pemphigus in Finland has increased from 0.76 to 2.8 cases per million persons.

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Series: Acta dermato-venereologica
ISSN: 0001-5555
ISSN-E: 1651-2057
ISSN-L: 0001-5555
Volume: 99
Issue: 12
Pages: 1127 - 1130
DOI: 10.2340/00015555-3280
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
Copyright information: © 2019 Acta Dermato-Venereologica. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.