University of Oulu

Kumar, T., Braeken, A., Jurcut, A.D. et al. AGE: authentication in gadget-free healthcare environments. Inf Technol Manag 21, 95–114 (2020).

AGE : authentication in gadget-free healthcare environments

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Author: Kumar, Tanesh1; Braeken, An2; Jurcut, Anca Delia3;
Organizations: 1Centre for Wireless Communications (CWC), University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Industrial Engineering INDI, Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, Nijverheidskaai 170, 1070 Brussels, Belgium
3School of Computer Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-02-27


Mobile and sensor related technologies are significantly revolutionizing the medical and healthcare sectors. In current healthcare systems, gadgets are the prominent way of acquiring medical services. However, the recent technological advancements in smart and ambient environments are offering users new ways to access the healthcare services without using any explicit gadgets. One of the key challenges in such gadget-free environments is performing secure user authentication with the intelligent surroundings. For example, a secure, efficient and user-friendly authentication mechanism is essential for elderly/disabled people or patients in critical conditions requiring medical services. Hence, modern authentication systems should be sophisticated enough to identify such patients without requiring their physical efforts or placing gadgets on them. This paper proposes an anonymous and privacy-preserving biometrics based authentication scheme for such gadget-free healthcare environment. We performed formal security verification of our proposed scheme using CDVT /AD tool and our results indicate that the proposed scheme is secure for such smart and gadget-free environments. We verify that the proposed scheme can resist against various well-known security attacks. Moreover, the proposed system showed better performance as compared with existing biometrics based remote user authentication schemes.

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Series: Information technology & management
ISSN: 1385-951X
ISSN-E: 1573-7667
ISSN-L: 1385-951X
Volume: 21
Pages: 95 - 114
DOI: 10.1007/s10799-019-00306-z
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. This work has been performed under the framework of the Towards Digital Paradise, The Naked Approach, Industrial Edge, the SECURE Connect and 6Genesis Flagship (grant 318927) projects. The authors would also like to acknowledge the contribution of the COST Action CA16226 (SHELD-ON).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.