University of Oulu

Dindar, M., Malmberg, J., Järvelä, S. et al. Matching self-reports with electrodermal activity data: Investigating temporal changes in self-regulated learning. Educ Inf Technol 25, 1785–1802 (2020).

Matching self-reports with electrodermal activity data : investigating temporal changes in self-regulated learning

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Author: Dindar, Muhterem1; Malmberg, Jonna1; Järvelä, Sanna1;
Organizations: 1Learning and Educational Technology Research Unit, Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
2Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, Netherlands
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-03-11


This study investigated the interplay of temporal changes in self-regulated learning processes (i.e., behavioral, cognitive, motivational and emotional) and their relationship with academic achievement in computer-supported collaborative learning. The study employed electrodermal activity and self-report data to capture the dynamicity of self-regulated learning processes during 15 sessions of collaborative learning activities. Our findings revealed that the changes in motivational regulation was related to academic achievement. However, academic achievement was not related to behavioral regulation, cognitive regulation or emotional regulation. Physiological synchrony among the collaborating students was found to be related only to cognitive regulation. The results also showed that the concordance of self-report data among the collaborating students was related to higher physiological synchrony among them in the behavioral, cognitive, and motivational dimensions of self-regulated learning. The findings reflect the complexity of the relationships between self-regulated learning constructs and demonstrates the potential value of physiological measures in self-regulated learning research.

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Series: Education and information technologies
ISSN: 1360-2357
ISSN-E: 1573-7608
ISSN-L: 1360-2357
Volume: 20
Pages: 1785 - 1802
DOI: 10.1007/s10639-019-10059-5
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. This work was supported by the Academy of Finland [SLAM project number: 275440].
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 275440
Detailed Information: 275440 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.