University of Oulu

Järvelä, S., Gašević, D., Seppänen, T., Pechenizkiy, M. and Kirschner, P.A. (2020), Bridging learning sciences, machine learning and affective computing for understanding cognition and affect in collaborative learning. Br J Educ Technol. doi:10.1111/bjet.12917

Bridging learning sciences, machine learning and affective computing for understanding cognition and affect in collaborative learning

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Author: Järvelä, Sanna1; Gašević, Dragan2; Seppänen, Tapio1;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu
2Monash University
3Eindhoven University of Technology
4Open University of the Netherlands
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe202003117885
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-09-06
Description:

Abstract

Collaborative learning (CL) can be a powerful method for sharing understanding between learners. To this end, strategic regulation of processes, such as cognition and affect (including metacognition, emotion and motivation) is key. Decades of research on self‐regulated learning has advanced our understanding about the need for and complexity of those mediating processes in learning. Recent research has shown that it is not only the individual's but also the group's shared processes that matter and, thus, that regulation at the group level is critical for learning success. A problem here is that the “shared” processes in CL are invisible, which makes it almost impossible for researchers to study and understand them, for learners to recognize them and for teachers to support them. Traditionally, research has not been able to make these processes visible nor has it been able to collect data about them. With the aid of advanced technologies, signal processing and machine learning, we are on the verge of “seeing” these complex phenomena and understanding how they interact. We posit that technological solutions and digital tools available today and in the future will help advance the theory underlying the cognitive, metacognitive, emotional and social components of individual, peer and group learning when seen through a multidisciplinary lens. The aim of this paper is to discuss and demonstrate how multidisciplinary collaboration among the learning sciences, affective computing and machine learning is applied for understanding and facilitating CL.

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Series: British journal of educational technology
ISSN: 0007-1013
ISSN-E: 1467-8535
ISSN-L: 0007-1013
Volume: Early view
DOI: 10.1111/bjet.12917
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/bjet.12917
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Subjects:
Funding: This study was supported by the Finnish Academy grant 275440.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 275440
Detailed Information: 275440 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2020 British Educational Research Association. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Järvelä, S., Gašević, D., Seppänen, T., Pechenizkiy, M. and Kirschner, P.A. (2020), Bridging learning sciences, machine learning and affective computing for understanding cognition and affect in collaborative learning. Br J Educ Technol., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/bjet.12917. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.