University of Oulu

Karvonen H., Mikhaylov K., Acharya D., Rahman M.M. (2020) Performance Evaluation of Bluetooth Low Energy Technology Under Interference. In: Sugimoto C., Farhadi H., Hämäläinen M. (eds) 13th EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks. BODYNETS 2018. EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing. Springer, Cham

Performance evaluation of Bluetooth low energy technology under interference

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Author: Karvonen, Heikki1; Mikhaylov, Konstantin1; Acharya, Dinesh1;
Organizations: 1Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-03-04


In this chapter, the focus is on analytical and experimental performance evaluation of the Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) technology. Studies have been conducted in indoor case relevant to healthcare and medical scenarios. Performance of the recently developed BLE 5 coded technique is compared to BLE 4 that is currently the most popular wireless technology in commercial healthcare and medical solutions. The improved version of BLE may continue the popularity of BLE usage in those application scenarios, and in addition it may enable novel Internet of Things (IoT) solutions. The main objective of this work was to explore the packet error rate (PER) of BLE communication under ZigBee interference, since it is envisaged, that coexistence problems may arise with the further growth of number of the different IoT devices deployed. In this chapter, we first develop an analytical model to characterize the PER of BLE link with varying distance to interfering nodes. Then we conduct a series of practical measurements using the Nordic Semiconductor nRF52840 chipset, which supports the new BLE 5 coded features. Our results show that ZigBee interference is very harmful for BLE communication when operating at the same frequency band, i.e., assuming worst-case scenario. The proposed model can be used to evaluate PER of BLE in various interference scenarios to get insight of communication reliability which is very important specifically for healthcare and medical applications.

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Series: EAI/Springer innovations in communication and computing
ISSN: 2522-8595
ISSN-L: 2522-8595
ISBN: 978-3-030-29897-5
ISBN Print: 978-3-030-29896-8
Pages: 147 - 156
Article number: 12
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29897-5_12
Host publication: 13th EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks
Host publication editor: Sugimoto, Chika
Farhadi, Hamed
Hämäläinen, Matti
Conference: EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This research has been financially supported in part by Academy of Finland 6Genesis Flagship (grant 318927).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in 13th EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks. The final authenticated version is available online at: