University of Oulu

Kangqiang Li, Jin Chen, Jinhui Peng, Mamdouh Omran, Guo Chen, Efficient improvement for dissociation behavior and thermal decomposition of manganese ore by microwave calcination, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 260, 2020, 121074, ISSN 0959-6526,

Efficient improvement for dissociation behavior and thermal decomposition of manganese ore by microwave calcination

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Author: Li, Kangqiang1; Chen, Jin1; Peng, Jinhui1,2;
Organizations: 1Faculty of Metallurgical and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650093, PR China
2Key Laboratory of Green-Chemistry Materials in University of Yunnan Province, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming, 650500, PR China
3Process Metallurgy Research Group, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2022-03-14


Traditional smelting process of manganese ore was plagued with high consume of power and coke, and spraying and slag turning accidents caused by violent decomposition of carbonates and manganese oxides in manganese ore. In the present work, the thermal decomposition mechanism and phase structures of manganese ore were systematically investigated, calcined through microwave calcination approach and characterized by XRD, SEM and EDAX. Results indicated that microwave calcination had a significantly better effect than conventional calcination for manganese ore. An increase in calcination temperature was found to present a more profound effect than calcination duration. The optimum calcination temperature was identified to be 950 °C, with the calcination duration being 30 min, and manganese ore grade increased from initial 30% to 39%–42%, with the pulverization ratio being 8%–9%. Peak intensities of Mn3O4 phase enhanced with calcination temperature increasing, and irregular cracks and pits appeared on the surface of the microwave calcined manganese ore. Meanwhile, the feasibility of decomposition reactions of manganese ore at the considered temperature regime was confirmed by thermodynamics analysis. The upgrading and modified manganese ore by microwave calcination can realize the direct smelting of the concentrate. The work proposes an efficient calcination idea for manganese ore by microwave calcination.

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Series: Journal of cleaner production
ISSN: 0959-6526
ISSN-E: 1879-1786
ISSN-L: 0959-6526
Volume: 260
Article number: 121074
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121074
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 218 Environmental engineering
Funding: Financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No: U1802255), the Key Projects in the National Science & Technology Pillar Program during the Twelfth Five-year Plan Period (No. 2015BAB17B00), the Hunan Provincial Science and Technology Plan Project, China (No.2016TP1007), and Innovative Research Team (in Science and Technology) in University of Yunnan Province were sincerely acknowledged.
Copyright information: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license