University of Oulu

Kwegyir-Afful E., Lindholm M., Tilabi S., Tajudeen S., Kantola J. (2020) Optimizing Occupational Safety Through 3-D Simulation and Immersive Virtual Reality. In: Cassenti D. (eds) Advances in Human Factors and Simulation. AHFE 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 958. Springer, Cham.

Optimizing occupational safety through 3-D simulation and immersive virtual reality

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Author: Kwegyir-Afful, Ebo1; Lindholm, Maria2; Tilabi, Sara1;
Organizations: 1University of Vaasa, Wolffintie 34, 65200, Vaasa, Finland
2University of Oulu, Pentti Kaiteran Katu 1, 90014, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-06-02


This paper evaluates the effectiveness of computer simulation and the immersive virtual reality (IVR) technology for occupational risk assessment improvement. It achieves this by conducting a risk assessment on a 3-D simulation of a Lithium-Ion battery (LIB) manufacturing factory. This is necessary since calls for the enhancement of occupational risk assessments continue to dominate safety improvement measures in manufacturing context. Meanwhile, industries such as aviation, mining and healthcare employ advanced versions of IVR for risks awareness with successes. However, applications for safety in manufacturing context is only at the infancy although it utilizes IVR profitably for product and production optimization issues. The study involved 19 participants who performed the assessment with the aid of a safety checklist followed by open-ended semi-structured questions and interviews. Results indicates an outstanding utilization capability of IVR for risk assessment. Furthermore, the assessment pinpoints specific safety issues in the factory that requires attention and improvement.

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Series: Advances in intelligent systems and computing
ISSN: 2194-5357
ISSN-E: 2194-5365
ISSN-L: 2194-5365
ISBN: 978-3-030-20148-7
ISBN Print: 978-3-030-20147-0
Volume: 958
Pages: 97 - 107
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20148-7_10
Host publication: Advances in Human Factors and Simulation. AHFE 2019
Host publication editor: Cassenti, Daniel N.
Conference: International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Copyright information: © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 958. The final authenticated version is available online at