University of Oulu

Räsänen, S., Mäkelä, H., Riipinen, P., Riala, K., Hakko, H. (2019) Prevalence of Neoplasms among Former Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatients. Psychiatry investigation, 16 (8), 594-601.

Prevalence of neoplasms among former adolescent psychiatric inpatients

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Author: Räsänen, Santtu1; Mäkelä, Hannu1; Riipinen, Pirkko1;
Organizations: 1Department of Psychiatry, Research Unit of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-04-21


Objective: To examine the association between psychiatric disorders and neoplasms.

Methods: A follow-up study of a population-based cohort of patients admitted for psychiatric care between the ages 13–17 years. The cases were patients with a follow-up diagnosis of neoplasm. The K-SADS-PL interview was used to assess DSM-IV based psychiatric diagnoses at adolescence. The treatment episodes due to neoplasms and related psychiatric disorders were extracted from the National Health Care Registers.

Results: Of the original cohort, 6.3% of subjects had a neoplasm diagnosis. Male cases were characterized as taking snuff and females as having a fear of becoming obese. 75% of cases had smoked regularly and 47% suffered from substance misuse disorder already in adolescence. At a mean age of 22 years, the diagnoses of skin or soft tissue neoplasms were prevailing, three being malignant neoplasms of the skin, mouth or colon. Non-psychotic disorders were comorbid both two years before (26%) and after (33%) the neoplasm diagnosis.

Conclusion: Focus on psychiatric symptoms of patients with neoplasms may enhance their treatment outcome and quality of life.

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Series: Psychiatry investigation
ISSN: 1738-3684
ISSN-E: 1976-3026
ISSN-L: 1738-3684
Volume: 16
Issue: 8
Pages: 594 - 601
DOI: 10.30773/pi.2019.04.20
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3124 Neurology and psychiatry
3122 Cancers
Funding: This work was supported by the Alma and K.A. Snellman Foundation, Oulu, Finland.
Copyright information: © 2019 Korean Neuropsychiatric Association. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.