University of Oulu

Yadav, S., Shiokawa, K., Oyama, S., & Otsuka, Y. ( 2020). Multievent analysis of oscillatory motion of medium‐scale traveling ionospheric disturbances observed by a 630‐nm airglow imager over Tromsø. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, e2019JA027598.

Multievent analysis of oscillatory motion of medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances observed by a 630-nm airglow imager over Tromsø

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Author: Yadav, Sneha1,2; Shiokawa, K.1; Oyama, S.1,3,4;
Organizations: 1Institute for Space‐Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
2Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Center, Trivandrum, India
3Ionosphere Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4National Institute of Polar Research, Tachikawa, Japan
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 45.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: American Geophysical Union, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-09-07


We present a comprehensive investigation on the propagation characteristics of duskside medium‐scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) using 630.0‐nm airglow emissions over Tromsø (69.6°N, 19.2°E; magnetic latitude: 66.7°N). The unique points of our observation are (1) duskside MSTIDs primarily exhibited eastward motion under quiet conditions but turned to the westward direction associated with geomagnetic disturbances, (2) the westward moving MSTIDs again turned to the eastward direction when the geomagnetic disturbance ceased, (3) the turning of MSTIDs to the westward direction was invariably associated with an increase of the northward component of the magnetic field observed by the local ground‐based magnetometers and with the equatorward expansion of the auroral oval, and (4) the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network convection maps revealed that the location of Tromsø was inside (outside) the duskside convection cell during the time of appearance of westward (eastward) moving MSTIDs. The average eastward and westward velocities of MSTIDs were ~25–80 and ~40–140 m/s, respectively. The Doppler shift measurement of the 630‐nm airglow by a Fabry‐Perot interferometer at Tromsø showed that northeastward winds were predominant during the appearance of eastward moving MSTIDs. These experimental evidences suggest that the oscillatory motion of MSTIDs over high latitudes is driven by the convection electric field. The MSTIDs tend to move eastward under geomagnetically quiet conditions but show westward motion under the influence of convection electric field associated with auroral activities in the duskside of two‐cell convection pattern.

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Series: Journal of geophysical research. Space physics
ISSN: 2169-9380
ISSN-E: 2169-9402
ISSN-L: 2169-9380
Volume: 125
Issue: 3
Article number: e2019JA027598
DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027598
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 115 Astronomy and space science
Funding: This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI (15H05815, 15H05747, 16H02230, and 16H06286). A part of SO was supported by Academy of Finland (314664).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 314664
Detailed Information: 314664 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2020. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.