University of Oulu

de Castro Tomé, M.; J. Nardelli, P.H.; Hussain, H.M.; Wahid, S.; Narayanan, A. A Cyber-Physical Residential Energy Management System via Virtualized Packets. Energies 2020, 13, 699

A cyber-physical residential energy management system via virtualized packets

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Author: de Castro Tomé, Mauricio1; Nardelli, Pedro H. J.1,2; Hussain, Hafiz Majid2;
Organizations: 1Centre forWireless Communications, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
2School of Energy Systems, LUT University, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-04-28


This paper proposes a cyber-physical system to manage flexible residential loads based on virtualized energy packets. Before being used, flexible loads need to request packets to an energy server, which may be granted or not. If granted, the energy server guarantees that the request will be fulfilled. Each different load has a specific consumption profile and user requirement. In the proposed case study, the residential consumers share a pool of energy resources that need to be allocated by the energy server whose aim is to minimize the imports related to such a group. The proposed solution shows qualitative advantages compared to the existing approaches in relation to computational complexity, fairness of the resource allocation outcomes and effectiveness in peak reduction. We demonstrate our solution based on three different representative flexible loads; namely, electric vehicles, saunas and dishwashers. The numerical results show the efficacy of the proposed solution for three different representative examples, demonstrating the advantages and drawbacks of different allocation rules.

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Series: Energies
ISSN: 1996-1073
ISSN-E: 1996-1073
ISSN-L: 1996-1073
Volume: 13
Issue: 3
Article number: 699
DOI: 10.3390/en13030699
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This project is partly supported by Academy of Finland via ee-IoT project (ICT2023/n.319009), FIREMAN consortium (CHIST-ERA/n.326270), EnergyNet (Research Fellow/n.321265 and 328869), BCDC Energia (SRC/n.292854) and 6Genesis (Flagship/n.318927).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 292854
Detailed Information: 292854 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (