University of Oulu

Pramila‐Savukoski, S, Juntunen, J, Tuomikoski, A‐M, et al. Mentors’ self‐assessed competence in mentoring nursing students in clinical practice: A systematic review of quantitative studies. J Clin Nurs. 2020; 29: 684– 705.

Mentors’ self‐assessed competence in mentoring nursing students in clinical practice : a systematic review of quantitative studies

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Author: Pramila‐Savukoski, Sari1; Juntunen, Jonna1; Tuomikoski, Anna‐Maria1;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2The Finnish Centre for Evidence‐Based Health Care: A Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Helsinki, Finland
3Hospital Administration Department, Azienda per l'Assistenza Sanitaria n.5 “Friuli Occidentale”, Pordenone, Italy
4College of Nursing, Celje, Slovenia
5Faculty of Nursing, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
6Nursing Department, Clinical Nursing Research Group, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain
7European Federation of Nurses Associations, Brussels, Belgium
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 16.6 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-12-03


Aims and objectives: To examine registered nurses’ self‐evaluation of their competence in mentoring nursing students in clinical practice.

Background: Clinical mentors have significant roles and responsibility for nursing students’ clinical learning. Moreover, the mentors’ role is becoming increasingly important internationally, as the role of nurse teachers in mentoring students in clinical practice has declined. However, in most EU countries there are no specific educational requirements for clinical mentors, although they need targeted education to increase their competence in mentoring nursing students.

Design: The systematic review of quantitative studies was designed according to guidelines of the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination and PRISMA protocol.

Methods: Studies published during 2000–2019 that met inclusion criteria formulated in PiCOS format were systematically reviewed by three independent reviewers. CINAHL (Ebsco), PubMed (MEDLINE), Scopus, ERIC and Medic databases were used to retrieve the studies. Three independent reviewers conducted the systematic review process. The studies were tabulated, thematically compared and narratively reported.

Results: In total, 16 peer‐reviewed studies met the inclusion criteria. The studies identified various dimensions of mentors’ competence and associated environmental factors. Generally, participating mentors rated competences related to the clinical environment, mentoring, supporting students’ learning processes and relevant personal characteristics fairly high. They also rated organisational practices in their workplaces, resources in the clinical environment and their mentor–student and mentor–stakeholder pedagogical practices, as respectable or satisfactory.

Conclusion: The results indicate considerable scope for improving mentors’ competence, particularly through enhancing organisational mentoring practices and relevant resources in clinical environments.

Relevance for clinical practice: Pedagogical practices of mentors in relations with both students and stakeholders should be enhanced to improve future nurses’ learning. This systematic review addresses a gap in knowledge of mentors’ self‐evaluated competence that could assist the formulation of effective educational programmes for mentors internationally and improving clinical environments.

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Series: Journal of clinical nursing
ISSN: 0962-1067
ISSN-E: 1365-2702
ISSN-L: 0962-1067
Volume: 29
Issue: 5-6
Pages: 684 - 705
DOI: 10.1111/jocn.15127
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Funding: We would like to acknowledge European Commission, Erasmus+, KA2: Strategic partnership for providing funding for the project Quality mentorship for developing competent nursing students (QualMent).
Copyright information: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Pramila‐Savukoski, S, Juntunen, J, Tuomikoski, A‐M, et al. Mentors' self‐assessed competence in mentoring nursing students in clinical practice: A systematic review of quantitative studies. J Clin Nurs. 2020; 29: 684– 705, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.