University of Oulu

Anna-Kaisa Salmi, Sirpa Niinimäki, Tuula Pudas, Identification of working reindeer using palaeopathology and entheseal changes, International Journal of Paleopathology, Volume 30, 2020, Pages 57-67, ISSN 1879-9817, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2020.02.001

Identification of working reindeer using palaeopathology and entheseal changes

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Author: Salmi, Anna-Kaisa1; Niinimäki, Sirpa1; Pudas, Tuula2
Organizations: 1History, Culture and Communication Studies, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 1000, 90014, University of Oulu, Finland
2Biodiversity Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, 90014, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.5 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020060941257
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-06-09
Description:

Abstract

Objective: This paper explores the potential of analyzing pathological lesions and entheseal changes in the identification of working reindeer.

Methods: The skeletons of 26 modern working reindeer from Siberia and Northern Finland are analyzed for pathological lesions and entheseal changes.

Results: Working results in elevated frequencies of pathological lesions, specifically joint disease in cervical and thoracic vertebrae, humeri, os coxae and proximal phalanges. Entheseal scores indicate the intensified use of shoulder flexors and extensors, and possibly elbow, hip and knee flexors and extensors in working reindeer.

Conclusion: Patterns of skeletal changes can be used in the identification of working reindeer from the past.

Significance: This study provides first evidence that pathological lesions and entheseal changes can be used to assess draught and cargo use of reindeer. Therefore, the methods presented in this study provide an opportunity to scrutinize past reindeer herding practices, reindeer domestication and human-reindeer cooperation.

Limitations: Methods need to be applied with caution due to the multifactorial etiologies of pathological lesions and entheseal changes.

Suggestions for future research: We suggest that in future studies, these methods are applied to archaeological material accompanied by osteometric and contextual analyses.

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Series: International journal of paleopathology
ISSN: 1879-9817
ISSN-E: 1879-9825
ISSN-L: 1879-9817
Volume: 30
Pages: 56 - 57
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2020.02.001
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2020.02.001
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Subjects:
Funding: This research was funded by the European Research Council (ERC Advanced Grant 295458; ERC Starting Grant 756431) and the Academy of Finland (Grant 285774; Project 308,322).
Copyright information: © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/