University of Oulu

Eerika Virranmäki, Kirsi Valta-Hulkkonen, Anne Pellikka, Geography tests in the Finnish Matriculation Examination in paper and digital forms – An analysis of questions based on revised Bloom’s taxonomy, Studies in Educational Evaluation, Volume 66, 2020, 100896, ISSN 0191-491X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2020.100896

Geography tests in the Finnish Matriculation Examination in paper and digital forms : an analysis of questions based on revised Bloom’s taxonomy

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Author: Virranmäki, Eerika1; Valta-Hulkkonen, Kirsi2; Pellikka, Anne3
Organizations: 1Geography Research Unit, P.O. Box 3000, 90014, University of Oulu, Finland
2Teacher Training School, P.O. Box 9300, 90014, University of Oulu, Finland
3Faculty of Education, P.O. Box 2000, 90014, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020061543279
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2022-06-10
Description:

Abstract

This study examines the possible change in cognitive processes and geographical knowledge requirements during the digitalisation process of the Finnish Matriculation Examination in Geography (digitalised in the autumn of 2016). The theoretical background is derived from revised Bloom’s taxonomy, which is applied as a framework for the content analysis of the questions (n = 331) of the geography tests between the autumn of 2013 and the spring of 2019. The results show that the questions mainly require an understanding of conceptual and factual knowledge. Because of the digitalisation, questions that require remembering have been reduced, whereas questions that require analysing have been increased. In addition, more comprehensive use and more extensive production of materials are required in the tests. Based on our research findings, we emphasise the need for a careful re-evaluation of the kind of cognitive processes and knowledge that should be assessed in geography tests, both nationally and internationally.

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Series: Studies in educational evaluation
ISSN: 0191-491X
ISSN-E: 1879-2529
ISSN-L: 0191-491X
Volume: 66
Article number: 100896
DOI: 10.1016/j.stueduc.2020.100896
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2020.100896
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
516 Educational sciences
Subjects:
Funding: This work was supported by the LUMA (STEM) Centre of the University of Oulu.
Dataset Reference: The data (geography test questions, although only in Finnish) of this study is openly available at the website of the Finnish public service media company, YLE https://yle.fi/aihe/artikkeli/2015/12/15/yo-kokeet-maantiede.
  https://yle.fi/aihe/artikkeli/2015/12/15/yo-kokeet-maantiede
Copyright information: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/