Yliniemi, J., Walkley, B., Provis, J.L. et al. Influence of activator type on reaction kinetics, setting time, and compressive strength of alkali-activated mineral wools. J Therm Anal Calorim (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-020-09651-6
Influence of activator type on reaction kinetics, setting time, and compressive strength of alkali-activated mineral wools
|Author:||Yliniemi, J.1; Walkley, B.2,3; Provis, J. L.2;|
1Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, 90014, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sir Robert Hadfield Building, Mappin St, Sheffield, S1 3JD, UK
3Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sir Robert Hadfield Building, Mappin St, Sheffield, S1 3JD, UK
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020061644616
|Publish Date:|| 2020-06-16
Alkali activation is a promising utilisation route for mineral wool wastes, due to suitable chemical composition, high reactivity, and surface area. One key factor in the development of alkali-activated binders is the selection of the suitable alkali activator. Here, the effect of sodium hydroxide, sodium silicate, sodium aluminate, and sodium carbonate solution on the alkali-activation kinetics of two main types of mineral wools, stone wool and glass wool, is investigated. Setting time and compressive strength development results are presented, which are explained and discussed in the context of isothermal calorimeter data obtained at temperature of 40 °C. Sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate solutions provided fast reaction with both mineral wools, evidenced by high heat release, high early strength, and fast setting. The reaction with sodium aluminate solution took several days to initiate, but it produced high compressive strength after 28 days of curing with both mineral wools. Glass wool reacted and hardened rapidly with sodium carbonate solution, but stone wool reacted slowly with sodium carbonate and exhibited a low extent of reaction, likely due to lower extent of reaction of stone wool under less alkaline conditions. These results show that mineral wool alkali activation kinetics and binder gel formation are controlled by the activator type and highlight the importance of choosing the most appropriate activator for each desired application.
Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
116 Chemical sciences
215 Chemical engineering
216 Materials engineering
Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support received from the project “Geodesign—Design geopolymers from mineral side streams” funded by Business Finland and companies Boliden Harjavalta Oy, Destaclean Oy, Fortum Power and Heat Oy, Paroc Group Oy, Saint-Gobain Finland Oy, and Suomen Erityisjäte Oy (Grant No. 1251/31/2015).
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