University of Oulu

O. Bekkouche, M. Bagaa and T. Taleb, "Toward a UTM-Based Service Orchestration for UAVs in MEC-NFV Environment," 2019 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), Waikoloa, HI, USA, 2019, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/GLOBECOM38437.2019.9014200

Toward a UTM-based service orchestration for UAVs in MEC-NFV environment

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Author: Bekkouche, Oussama1; Bagaa, Miloud1; Taleb, Tarik1,2
Organizations: 1Communications and Networking Department, Aalto University, Finland
2Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-06-22


The increased use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in numerous domains, will result in high traffic densities in the low-altitude airspace. Consequently, UAVs Traffic Management (UTM) systems that allow the integration of UAVs in the low-altitude airspace are gaining a lot of momentum. Furthermore, the 5th generation of mobile networks (5G) will most likely provide the underlying support for UTM systems by providing connectivity to UAVs, enabling the control, tracking and communication with remote applications and services. However, UAVs may need to communicate with services with different communication Quality of Service (QoS) requirements, ranging form best-effort services to Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications (URLLC) services. Indeed, 5G can ensure efficient Quality of Service (QoS) enhancements using new technologies, such as network slicing and Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC). In this context, Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) is considered as one of the pillars of 5G systems, by providing a QoS-aware Management and Orchestration (MANO) of softwarized services across cloud and MEC platforms. The MANO process of UAV’s services can be enhanced further using the information provided by the UTM system, such as the UAVs’ flight plans. In this paper, we propose an extended framework for the management and orchestration of UAVs’ services in MECNFV environment by combining the functionalities provided by the MEC-NFV management and orchestration framework with the functionalities of a UTM system. Moreover, we propose an Integer Linear Programming (ILP) model of the placement scheme of our framework and we evaluate its performances. The obtained results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed solutions in achieving its design goals.

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Series: IEEE Global Communications Conference
ISSN: 2334-0983
ISSN-E: 2576-6813
ISSN-L: 2334-0983
ISBN: 978-1-7281-0962-6
ISBN Print: 978-1-7281-0963-3
Pages: 1 - 6
Article number: 9014200
DOI: 10.1109/GLOBECOM38437.2019.9014200
Host publication: 2019 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2019
Conference: IEEE Global Communications Conference
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work is partially supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, under the 5G!Drones project with grant agreement No. 857031, and Primo-5G project with grant agreement No. 815191. It is also supported in part by the 6G Flagship project with grant agreement No. 318927, and by the Academy of Finland under CSN project with grant No. 311654.
EU Grant Number: (857031) 5G!Drones - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Vertical Applications’ Trials Leveraging Advanced 5G Facilities
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
311654 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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