University of Oulu

Heli Vuojala, Miia Mustonen, Xianfu Chen, Kaisa Kujanpää, Pekka Ruuska, Marko Höyhtyä, Marja Matinmikko-Blue, Juha Kalliovaara, Pekka Talmola, Anna-Greta Nyström, Spectrum access options for vertical network service providers in 5G, Telecommunications Policy, Volume 44, Issue 4, 2020, 101903, ISSN 0308-5961,

Spectrum access options for vertical network service providers in 5G

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Author: Vuojala, Heli1; Mustonen, Miia1; Chen, Xianfu1;
Organizations: 1VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Oulu, Finland
2Centre for Wireless Communications (CWC), University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Turku University of Applied Sciences, Turku, Finland
4School of Business & Economics, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-12-04


5G will extend the mobile technology deployment beyond the communications industry, bringing connectivity to the explosively growing number of devices and services. To be able to respond to 5G sectors’ different requirements, as well as the spectrum scarcity issue, different spectrum access approaches need to be considered. The aim of this article is to identify substantial properties of spectrum access approaches to assess their suitability to 5G vertical use cases. We have defined five optional spectrum access scenarios for 5G vertical network service providers (VNSPs) in acquiring spectrum access to provide a network service to either end users or other companies. The stakeholders involved in the spectrum awarding process are identified, and their roles and targets are examined. Furthermore, the advantages and drawbacks of each scenario are covered. Following the discussion, we were able to highlight some substantive characteristics in terms of suitability assessment, namely reliability, locality and mobility, mobile network operators (MNOs) involvement, costs and time scale. These characteristics were analysed in terms of each scenario to further the scenario’s suitability assessment to VNSPs’ purposes.

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Series: Telecommunications policy. The international journal of ICT economy, governance and society
ISSN: 0308-5961
ISSN-E: 1879-3258
ISSN-L: 0308-5961
Volume: 44
Issue: 4
Article number: 101903
DOI: 10.1016/j.telpol.2019.101903
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: Funding: This work was supported in part by Business Finland through the WIVE (4910/31/2016), and 5G-VIIMA (6392/31/2018) projects. All research and writing of the article was conducted independently. The authors would like to thank Päivi Ruuska and Jan Engelberg for constructive and insightful comments in relation to this work. We also would like to thank Semantix for reviewing the language.
Copyright information: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license