University of Oulu

K. Mikhaylov et al., "On the Performance of Multi-Gateway LoRaWAN Deployments: An Experimental Study," 2020 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), Seoul, Korea (South), 2020, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/WCNC45663.2020.9120655

On the performance of multi-gateway LoRaWAN deployments : an experimental study

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Author: Mikhaylov, Konstantin1,2; Stusek, Martin1; Masek, Pavel1;
Organizations: 1Department of Telecommunications, Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic
2Center for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic
4Faculty of Information Technology and Communication Sciences, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 23.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-07-01


A remarkable progress in the Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) technologies over the recent years opens new opportunities for developing versatile massive Internet of Things (IoT) applications. In this paper, we focus on one of the most popular LPWAN technologies operating in the license-exempt frequency bands, named LoRaWAN. The key contribution of this study is our unique set of results obtained during an extensive measurement campaign conducted in the city of Brno, Czech Republic. During a three-months-period, the connectivity of a public Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) with more than 20 gateways (GWs) was assessed at 231 test locations. This paper presents an analysis of the obtained results, aimed at capturing the effects related to the spatial diversity of the GW locations and the real-life multi-GW network operation with all its practical features. One of our findings is the fact that only for 47% tested locations the GW featuring the minimum geographical distance demonstrated the highest received signal strength and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Also, our results captured and characterized the variations in the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) and SNR as a function of the communication distance in an urban environment, and illustrated the distribution of the spreading factors (SFs) as a result of the adaptive data rate (ADR) algorithm operation in a real-life multi-GW deployment.

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Series: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference
ISSN: 1525-3511
ISSN-E: 1558-2612
ISSN-L: 1525-3511
ISBN: 978-1-7281-3106-1
ISBN Print: 978-1-7281-3107-8
Pages: 1 - 6
DOI: 10.1109/WCNC45663.2020.9120655
Host publication: 2020 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 25–28 May 2020 Seoul, Korea (South)
Conference: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: The described research was supported by the National Sustainability Program under grant LO1401. For the research, the infrastructure of the SIX Center was used. This article is based upon support of international mobility project MeMoV, No. CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/16 027/00083710 funded by European Union, Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, Czech Republic and Brno University of Technology. This research has been supported by Academy of Finland 6G Flagship (grant 318927), project RADIANT, LPWAN-evolution project, and project 5G-FORCE.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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