University of Oulu

Francia, P., Regi, M., De Lauretis, M. et al. A case study of correspondence between Pc1 activity and ionospheric irregularities at polar latitudes. Earth Planets Space 72, 59 (2020).

A case study of correspondence between Pc1 activity and ionospheric irregularities at polar latitudes

Saved in:
Author: Francia, P.1; Regi, M.2; De Lauretis, M.1;
Organizations: 1Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche e Chimiche, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
2Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Via di Vigna Murata 605, 00143, Rome, Italy
3SpacEarth Technology, Rome, Italy
4Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, University of Oulu, FI-99600, Sodankylä, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 9.2 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-07-03


A possible driver of precipitation of magnetospheric energetic electrons in the high-latitude atmosphere is represented by electromagnetic ion-cyclotron (EMIC) magnetospheric waves. The precipitating particles produce variations, by collision, in the ionized component of the atmosphere, altering its chemistry and electrical conductivity, with a significant impact on the atmospheric processes. In this framework, it would be significant to find experimental evidence of a correspondence between ionospheric electron density irregularities and the occurrence of Ultra-Low-Frequency (ULF) Pc1 geomagnetic pulsations, i.e., the ground signatures of EMIC waves, at high latitudes. In this work, we face this subject by considering a specific case study occurred on 22 February 2007 during quiet magnetospheric conditions. The study is based on the analysis of simultaneous ULF geomagnetic field and Total Electron Content (TEC) measurements recorded at Mario Zucchelli Station in Antarctica. We show that Pc1 pulsations occur in correspondence to solar wind pressure increases and that, at the same time, the ionosphere is characterized by the presence of ionospheric irregularities. We suggest that a possible link between the Pc1 activity and the ionospheric irregularities may be energetic electron precipitations, driven by EMIC waves generated in the compressed magnetosphere, which produce density variations in the ionized component of the atmosphere.

see all

Series: Earth, planets and space
ISSN: 1343-8832
ISSN-E: 1880-5981
ISSN-L: 1343-8832
Volume: 72
Issue: 1
Article number: 59
DOI: 10.1186/s40623-020-01184-4
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 115 Astronomy and space science
Funding: The research activity of M. Regi was in part supported by the Consorzio “Area di Ricerca in Astrogeofisica”.
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit