University of Oulu

Alenius, K. (2020) The Integration of National Minorities in Finland and Estonia during the Interwar Period (1918–1939). Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis, 38, pp. 131-151, http://dx.doi.org/10.15181/ahuk.v38i0.2080

The integration of national minorities in Finland and Estonia during the interwar period (1918–1939)

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Author: Alenius, Kari1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Department of History, Pentti Kaiteran katu 1, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.8 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020070646929
Language: English
Published: Klaipeda University Press, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-07-06
Description:

Abstract

In the interwar years, Finland and Estonia were characterised by the fact that in both countriesexceptionally broad linguistic and cultural rights were given to national minorities, comparedwith the situation in the rest of Europe. There were several factors behind this. One was therelationship between ethnic groups from a historical perspective. Another was each country’sinternal debate on the kind of social order in general that was to be built. The third was howpolitics in Finland and Estonia was influenced by international trends and theories on hownational minorities should be treated. The article analyses how national minorities were takeninto account in the Finnish and Estonian constitutions which held true in the period betweenthe two world wars, and why account was taken precisely in a certain way. At the same time, itconsiders what kind of views in this regard were presented by different political parties, whatkind of debates were held in the parliaments of both countries, and how the matter was dealtwith by other significant interest groups.

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Anotacija

Lyginant su padėtimi likusioje Europoje, tarpukariu suomija ir Estija išsiskyrė nepaprastai plačiomis kalbinėmis ir kultūrinės teisėmis, kurios abiejose šalyse buvo suteiktos etninėms mažumoms. Tą lėmė kelios priežastys. Pirma, tai istoriškai susiklostęs santykis su etninėmis mažumomis. antra, tai abiejose šalyse vykusios diskusijos apie tai, kokia apskritai socialinė tvarka jose turi būti kuriama. Trečia, tai tarptautinės tendencijos ir teorijos apie etnines mažumas traktavimas, kuras irgi veikė suomiją ir Estiją. straipsnyje nagrinėjama, kaip suomijos ir Estijos konstitucijos, galiojusios tarp dviejų pasaulinių karų, atsižvelgė į etnines mažumas ir kodėl į jas buvo atsižvelgiama konkrečiu būdu. Taip pat nagrinėjama, kokias pažiūras šiuo klausimu propagavo skirtingos politinės partijos, kokiais klausimais diskutuota abiejų šalių parlamentuose ir kaip į klausimą žiūrėjo kitos svarbios interesų grupės.

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Series: Acta historica Universitatis Klaipedensis
ISSN: 1392-4095
ISSN-E: 2351-6526
ISSN-L: 1392-4095
Volume: 38
Pages: 131 - 151
DOI: 10.15181/ahuk.v38i0.2080
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.15181/ahuk.v38i0.2080
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Subjects:
Copyright information: © 2020 The Author and Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.