Rusanen, A., Kupila, R., Lappalainen, K., Kärkkäinen, J., Hu, T., & Lassi, U. (2020). Conversion of Xylose to Furfural over Lignin-Based Activated Carbon-Supported Iron Catalysts. Catalysts, 10(8), 821. doi:10.3390/catal10080821
Conversion of xylose to furfural over lignin-based activated carbon-supported iron catalysts
|Author:||Rusanen, Annu1; Kupila, Riikka2; Lappalainen, Katja1,2;|
1Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland
2Unit of Applied Chemistry, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius, University of Jyvaskylä, FI-67100 Kokkola, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.4 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020090367350
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute,
|Publish Date:|| 2020-09-03
In this study, conversion of xylose to furfural was studied using lignin-based activated carbon-supported iron catalysts. First, three activated carbon supports were prepared from hydrolysis lignin with different activation methods. The supports were modified with different metal precursors and metal concentrations into five iron catalysts. The prepared catalysts were studied in furfural production from xylose using different reaction temperatures and times. The best results were achieved with a 4 wt% iron-containing catalyst, 5Fe-ACs, which produced a 57% furfural yield, 92% xylose conversion and 65% reaction selectivity at 170 °C in 3 h. The amount of Fe in 5Fe-ACs was only 3.6 µmol and using this amount of homogeneous FeCl₃ as a catalyst, reduced the furfural yield, xylose conversion and selectivity. Good catalytic activity of 5Fe-ACs could be associated with iron oxide and hydroxyl groups on the catalyst surface. Based on the recycling experiments, the prepared catalyst needs some improvements to increase its stability but it is a feasible alternative to homogeneous FeCl₃.
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
215 Chemical engineering
This research was funded by Fortum Foundation, grant numbers 201800022 and 20190005, the EU/Interreg Botnia-Atlantica, grant number 20201508, the Foundation of Tauno Tönning, grant number 20190154 and Nessling Foundation, grant number 201800070.
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).