University of Oulu

A. García-Holgado et al., "Gender equality in STEM programs: a proposal to analyse the situation of a university about the gender gap," 2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON), Porto, Portugal, 2020, pp. 1824-1830, doi: 10.1109/EDUCON45650.2020.9125326

Gender equality in STEM programs : a proposal to analyse the situation of a university about the gender gap

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Author: García-Holgado, Alicia1; Mena, Juanjo1; García-Peñalvo, Francisco José1;
Organizations: 1GRIAL Research Group, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
2Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile
3Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Department of Systems Engineering, Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, Colombia
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-09-11


According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2020, most of the countries have achieved gender parity in educational attainment. Furthermore, Latin America and Europe have more women than men enrolled in tertiary education. The problem arises when those numbers are analysed by degree studies. There is a gender gap in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), with a low number of women enrolled in those programs and even lower numbers of graduates. The universities have a key role to steer new conceptions and understanding of the females in STEM. The higher education institutions have to define measures and policies to reduce the gender gap in the careers of the future. This work aims to provide a proposal to analyse the gender equality gap in STEM as a first step to define gender equality action plans focused on processes of attraction, access and retention and guidance in STEM programs. The proposal was applied in ten Latin American universities from Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Mexico, and five European universities from Finland, Ireland, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom.

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Series: IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference
ISSN: 2165-9559
ISSN-E: 2165-9567
ISSN-L: 2165-9559
ISBN: 978-1-7281-0930-5
ISBN Print: 978-1-7281-0931-2
Pages: 1824 - 1830
DOI: 10.1109/EDUCON45650.2020.9125326
Host publication: 11th IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON 2020
Host publication editor: Cardoso, A.
Alves, G. R.
Restivo, T.
Conference: IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
520 Other social sciences
Funding: This work has been possible with the support of the Erasmus + Programme of the European Union in its Key Action 2 “Capacity-building in Higher Education”. Project W-STEM “Building the future of Latin America: engaging women into STEM” (Reference number 598923-EPP-1-2018-1-ES-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP).
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