University of Oulu

Jurva, R., Matinmikko-Blue, M., Niemelä, V. et al. Architecture and Operational Model for Smart Campus Digital Infrastructure. Wireless Pers Commun 113, 1437–1454 (2020).

Architecture and operational model for smart campus digital infrastructure

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Author: Jurva, Risto1; Matinmikko‑Blue, Marja1; Niemelä, Ville1;
Organizations: 1Centre for Wireless Communications (CWC), University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2University Properties of Finland Ltd., Tampere, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-09-18


Nations and cities are eagerly joining the global trend of transition to digitized society. Through digitalization, societies aim to streamline their key functions and to develop modern services to inhabitants. 5G wireless networks are being built globally with lots of expectations put on them. It is anticipated that at the first phase of 5G, the technology will benefit the most different verticals like factories, hospitals and campuses. Universities have likewise awoken to establish digitalization projects to respond to the disruption of education and to overcome in the growing global competition. The transition to digital campus will inevitably rely on campus ICT and IoT infrastructures. Additionally, the number of terminals, devices, sensors and robots will multiply. This article proposes a technical architecture for future Smart Campus consisting of 5G and IoT networks complemented by distributed computing and data analytics. Increasing complexity of digital environment calls for a specific actor to operate the Smart Campus infrastructure and also services, which has not been widely discussed. It is foreseen that the university IT Administration is probably not willing to adopt the responsibility of enlarging infra and growing number of devices. Similarly, mobile network operators are not seen appropriate to take this role being commonly profiled to offer merely connectivity. To tackle this question, a novel operational model for the Smart Campuses is presented based on the recently proposed micro operator concept. Moreover, a case study of the University of Oulu campus is presented, where smart technology in the form of 5G test network has been deployed.

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Series: Wireless personal communications
ISSN: 0929-6212
ISSN-E: 1572-834X
ISSN-L: 0929-6212
Volume: 113
Pages: 1437 - 1454
DOI: 10.1007/s11277-020-07221-5
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. This research has been financially supported by Business Finland in MOSSAF project and Academy of Finland in 6Genesis Flagship (Grant 318927).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit