Differences in entheseal changes in the phalanges between ecotypes of Fennoscandian reindeer
|Author:||Hull, Emily1; Niinimäki, Sirpa2; Salmi, Anna-Kaisa2|
1Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
2Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020092876084
John Wiley & Sons,
|Publish Date:|| 2021-06-11
The identification and life histories of the different subspecies and ecotypes of Rangifer tarandus (reindeer) in Fennoscandia are of great interest to zooarchaeologists, as this species is a keystone animal of the North. The barrenground Rangifer tarandus tarandus has historically had closer bonds with humans as a herded and domestic animal. By contrast, the boreal Rangifer tarandus fennicus has been a prey animal with a more fraught relationship with humans. Identifying which of these ecotypes were present and interacting with humans at different points in history provides information not only of human economies and subsistence strategies but also of the life histories and behavioural patterns of the reindeer themselves. This study uses scoring of entheseal changes on the phalanges of these animals to investigate different mobility, foraging and limb‐use patterns between ecotypes. Our studies found both interesting differences in hoof use patterns between R.t. tarandus and R.t. fennicus, which show that these ecotypes are both using their hooves differently, but in different patterns of forelimb versus hindlimb use.
International journal of osteoarchaeology
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
615 History and archaeology
We would like to acknowledge funding from the European Research Council (756431) and the Academy of Finland (285774). Additional funded was provided by a grant from UAlberta North.
|EU Grant Number:||
(756431) DOMESTICATION - Domestication in Action - Tracing Archaeological Markers of Human-Animal Interaction
|Academy of Finland Grant Number:||
285774 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hull, E, Niinimäki, S, Salmi, A‐K. Differences in entheseal changes in the phalanges between ecotypes of Fennoscandian reindeer. Int J Osteoarchaeol. 2020; 1– 13. , which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.2897. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.