University of Oulu

Hammam, A., Li, Y., Nie, H. et al. Isothermal and Non-Isothermal Reduction Behaviors of Iron Ore Compacts in Pure Hydrogen Atmosphere and Kinetic Analysis. Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42461-020-00317-3

Isothermal and non-isothermal reduction behaviors of iron ore compacts in pure hydrogen atmosphere and kinetic analysis

Saved in:
Author: Hammam, Abourehab1,2; Li, Ying1; Nie, Hao1;
Organizations: 1State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Advanced Ferrometallurgy, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China
2Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute (CMRDI), P.O. Box 87, -Helwan, Cairo, Egypt
3Process Metallurgy Research Group, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.7 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020100578103
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-10-05
Description:

Abstract

This study examines the isothermal and non-isothermal reduction behaviors of iron ore compacts in a pure hydrogen atmosphere and compares the results obtained during the reduction process by CO. The different phases accompanying the reduction reactions were identified using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and its morphology was microscopically examined. In isothermal experiments, temperature plays a significant role in the reduction process. At any given temperature, the reduction rate during the initial stages is higher than that during the final stages. The reduction rate in H₂ atmosphere was faster than in CO gas. The comparison of activation energy values suggested that reduction with H₂ is more efficient than with CO. At the same temperature, the time required to achieve a certain degree of reduction was lower when using H₂ gas than CO atmosphere. In non-isothermal tests, the heating rate has a significant effect on the reduction rate and reduction extent. At the same heating rate, the degree of reduction was higher in H₂ atmosphere than in CO gas. Based on experimental data, the parameters of reaction kinetics were deduced by application of model-free and model-fitting methods. The reduction in H₂ atmosphere was controlled by nucleation model (Avrami-Erofeev model), while the CO reduction reaction was controlled by gas diffusion.

see all

Series: Mining, metallurgy & exploration
ISSN: 2524-3462
ISSN-E: 2524-3470
ISSN-L: 2524-3462
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1007/s42461-020-00317-3
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1007/s42461-020-00317-3
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 218 Environmental engineering
Subjects:
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. Thus study was financially supported by The Program for Professor of Special Appointment (Eastern Scholar) at Shanghai Institutions of Higher Learning (No. TP2015039), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51974182), National 111 project, Grant/Award No. 17002, and CSC support for Ph.D. from the Belt and Road Countries.
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/