Saarinen, A.I.L., Keltikangas-Järvinen, L., Hintsa, T. et al. Does Compassion Predict Blood Pressure and Hypertension? The Modifying Role of Familial Risk for Hypertension. Int. J. Behav. Med. 27, 527–538 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-020-09886-5
Does compassion predict blood pressure and hypertension? : the modifying role of familial risk for hypertension
|Author:||Saarinen, Aino I. L.1,2; Keltikangas-Järvinen, Liisa2; Hintsa, Taina3;|
1Research Unit of Psychology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 2000 (Erkki Koiso-Kanttilan katu 1), 90014, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
4Department of Clinical Chemistry, Fimlab Laboratories and Finnish Cardiovascular Research Center-Tampere, Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland
5Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
6Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
7Centre for Population Health Research, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020100778228
|Publish Date:|| 2020-10-07
Background: This study investigated (i) whether compassion is associated with blood pressure or hypertension in adulthood and (ii) whether familial risk for hypertension modifies these associations.
Method: The participants (N = 1112–1293) came from the prospective Young Finns Study. Parental hypertension was assessed in 1983–2007; participants’ blood pressure in 2001, 2007, and 2011; hypertension in 2007 and 2011 (participants were aged 30–49 years in 2007–2011); and compassion in 2001.
Results: High compassion predicted lower levels of diastolic and systolic blood pressure in adulthood. Additionally, high compassion was related to lower risk for hypertension in adulthood among individuals with no familial risk for hypertension (independently of age, sex, participants’ and their parents’ socioeconomic factors, and participants’ health behaviors). Compassion was not related to hypertension in adulthood among individuals with familial risk for hypertension.
Conclusion: High compassion predicts lower diastolic and systolic blood pressure in adulthood. Moreover, high compassion may protect against hypertension among individuals without familial risk for hypertension. As our sample consisted of comparatively young participants, our findings provide novel implications for especially early-onset hypertension.
International journal of behavioral medicine
|Pages:||527 - 538|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3141 Health care science
Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. This study was supported financially by the Academy of Finland (M.H., grant number 308676); the Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation (T.L, M.H.); and the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation (L.P.-R.). The Young Finns Study has been financially supported by the Academy of Finland: Grants 322098, 286284, 134309 (Eye), 126925, 121584, 124282, 129378 (Salve), 117797 (Gendi), and 41071 (Skidi); the Social Insurance Institution of Finland; Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility area of Kuopio, Tampere and Turku University Hospitals (grant X51001); the Juho Vainio Foundation; the Sigrid Juselius Foundation; the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation; the Paavo Nurmi Foundation; the Finnish Foundation of Cardiovascular Research and Finnish Cultural Foundation; the Tampere Tuberculosis Foundation; the Emil Aaltonen Foundation; and Diabetes Research Foundation of Finnish Diabetes Association and EU Horizon 2020 (grant 755320 for TAXINOMISIS); and European Research Council (grant 742927 for MULTIEPIGEN project) and Tampereen Yliopistollisen sairaalan tukisäätiö.
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