University of Oulu

Hirvonen, N., Enwald, H., Mayer, A.‐K., Korpelainen, R., Pyky, R., Salonurmi, T., Savolainen, M.J., Nengomasha, C., Abankwah, R., Uutoni, W., Niemelä, R. and Huotari, M.‐L. (2020), Screening everyday health information literacy among four populations. Health Info Libr J, 37: 192-203 e12304. doi:10.1111/hir.12304

Screening everyday health information literacy among four populations

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Author: Hirvonen, Noora1,2,3; Enwald, Heidi1,2,3; Mayer, Anne‐Kathrin4;
Organizations: 1Information Studies, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Information Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Business and Economics, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
3Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4German Federal Pension Insurance, Berlin, Germany
5Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Oulu Deaconess Institute Foundation sr, Oulu, Finland
6Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
7Research Unit of Internal Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
8Information and Communication Studies, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-10-15


Background: People face varying obstacles when interacting with health information in their everyday lives.

Objectives: This study aims to examine the applicability of a multidimensional Everyday Health Information Literacy (EHIL) screening tool in detecting people with challenges in accessing, understanding, evaluating and using health information in everyday situations.

Methods: Previously collected EHIL screening tool data from Finnish upper secondary school students (n = 217), Finnish young men (n = 1450), Finnish adults with an increased risk for metabolic syndrome (n = 559) and Namibian university students (n = 271) were reanalysed to examine the factorial structure of the tool and to compare the groups. Statistical analyses included exploratory factor analyses, calculation of mean factor scores and one‐way analysis of variance.

Results: A three factor structure (‘awareness’, ‘access’, ‘assessment’) for the screening tool was supported based on the Finnish samples. However, the Namibian data did not follow a similar structure. Significant differences in groupwise factor scores were discovered.

Discussion: The findings suggest that the multidimensional EHIL screening tool can be used in pointing out areas where individuals or groups may need support.

Conclusion: The tool may be useful to health information and library services workers when counselling or educating the public.

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Series: Health information and libraries journal
ISSN: 1471-1834
ISSN-E: 1471-1842
ISSN-L: 1471-1834
Volume: 37
Issue: 3
Pages: 192 - 203
DOI: 10.1111/hir.12304
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 520 Other social sciences
518 Media and communications
616 Other humanities
Funding: This study was supported by the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (DNRO 125/627/2009, 98/627/2010, 97/627/2011), Centre for Military Medicine, the European Social Fund, the Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment of North Ostrobothnia (project number S11580), the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation and European Regional Development Funds (70037/2010, 70035/2011), the Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District, the Academy of Finland (1114784/2009, 287084/2015, 299112/2016), the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Finland, and the National Institute of Health and Welfare (DNRO 083/THL/TE/2012, 201310185), the Sigrid Jusélius Foundation and the Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 299112
Detailed Information: 299112 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
114784 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2020 The Authors Health Information and Libraries Journal published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Health Libraries Group. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.