University of Oulu

Kia Gluschkoff, PhD, Laura Pulkki-Råback, PhD, Marko Elovainio, PhD, Aino Saarinen, MA, Tuija Tammelin, PhD, Mirja Hirvensalo, PhD, Terho Lehtimäki, MD, PhD, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, PhD, Olli Raitakari, MD, PhD, Mirka Hintsanen, PhD, Is It Good To Be Good? Dispositional Compassion and Health Behaviors, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Volume 53, Issue 7, July 2019, Pages 665–673, https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay075

Is it good to be good? : dispositional compassion and health behaviors

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Author: Gluschkoff, Kia1; Pulkki-Råback, Laura1; Elovainio, Marko1;
Organizations: 1Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
2LIKES – Research Centre for Physical Activity and Health, Jyväskylä, Finland
3Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
4Department of Clinical Chemistry, Fimlab Laboratories and Finnish Cardiovascular Research Center-Tampere, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
5Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
6Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
7Unit of Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.1 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020101584156
Language: English
Published: Oxford University Press, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-10-15
Description:

Abstract

Background/Objectives: Despite the documented importance of dispositional compassions for a range of health-related outcomes, its role in predicting health behaviors remains unclear.

Purpose: This study examined the associations between dispositional compassion and three domains of health behavior, including physical activity, alcohol use, and smoking.

Methods: The participants (N = 1,279–1,913) were from the Finnish population-based Young Finns study. We collected self-reports of compassion in 1997 and 2011 and health behaviors in 2001, 2007, and 2011. In addition, an objective pedometer measure of physical activity was collected in 2011. Linear and logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between compassion and the health behavior outcomes.

Results: In a cross-sectional analysis, compassion was associated with having never smoked and a reduced likelihood of at-risk alcohol use and binge drinking. There was no robust association between compassion and physical activity. In longitudinal analyses over a 14-year period, the associations remained for at-risk alcohol use and binge drinking.

Conclusions: Dispositional compassion may have a protective effect against unhealthy behaviors, especially excessive alcohol consumption.

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Series: Annals of behavioral medicine
ISSN: 0883-6612
ISSN-E: 1532-4796
ISSN-L: 0883-6612
Volume: 53
Issue: 7
Pages: 665 - 673
DOI: 10.1093/abm/kay075
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1093/abm/kay075
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 515 Psychology
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Subjects:
Funding: This work was supported by the Academy of Finland project 308676 (M.H.), the Signe & Ane Gyllenberg Foundation (M.H. and L.P.-R.), and the Wihuri Foundation (L.P.-R.). The funding institutions had no involvement in the study design, data collection, analyses, interpretation of results, writing of the article, or decision to submit the article for publication. The Young Finns Study has been financially supported by the Academy of Finland: grants 286284, 134309 (Eye), 126925, 121584, 124282, 129378 (Salve), 117787 (Gendi), and 41071 (Skidi); the Social Insurance Institution of Finland; Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility Area of Kuopio, Tampere, and Turku University Hospitals (grant X51001); Juho Vainio Foundation; Paavo Nurmi Foundation; Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research; Finnish Cultural Foundation; Tampere Tuberculosis Foundation; Emil Aaltonen Foundation; Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation; Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation; Diabetes Research Foundation of Finnish Diabetes Association; and EU Horizon 2020 (grant 755320 for TAXINOMISIS).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 308676
286284
134309
126925
121584
124282
129378
117787
41071
Detailed Information: 308676 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
286284 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
134309 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
126925 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
121584 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
124282 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
129378 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
117787 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
41071 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Dataset Reference: Supplementary data:
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Copyright information: © Society of Behavioral Medicine 2018. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Annals of Behavioral Medicine following peer review. The version of record Kia Gluschkoff, PhD, Laura Pulkki-Råback, PhD, Marko Elovainio, PhD, Aino Saarinen, MA, Tuija Tammelin, PhD, Mirja Hirvensalo, PhD, Terho Lehtimäki, MD, PhD, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, PhD, Olli Raitakari, MD, PhD, Mirka Hintsanen, PhD, Is It Good To Be Good? Dispositional Compassion and Health Behaviors, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Volume 53, Issue 7, July 2019, Pages 665–673, is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay075