University of Oulu

A. Kalla, T. Hewa, R. A. Mishra, M. Ylianttila and M. Liyanage, "The Role of Blockchain to Fight Against COVID-19," in IEEE Engineering Management Review, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 85-96, 1 thirdquarter,Sept. 2020, doi: 10.1109/EMR.2020.3014052

The role of blockchain to fight against COVID-19

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Author: Kalla, Anshuman1; Hewa, Tharaka2; Mishra, Raaj Anand1;
Organizations: 1School of Computing and Information Technology, Manipal University Jaipur, India
2Center for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland
3School of Computer Science, University College Dublin, Ireland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-11-17


The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected almost all aspects of human life, various sectors of business, and regions of the world. The flow of human activities halted for several months, and are now being carefully redefined to align with guidelines and recommendations to avoid the spread of the novel coronavirus. In contrast to other pandemics the world has witnessed in the past, the technological advancements of the current era are a boon that can play a key role in safeguarding humanity. In this work, we begin by highlighting general challenges that have arisen during the COVID-19 pandemic. Next, to gauge the applicability of blockchain as a key enabling technology, we identify potential use cases to meet current needs. Furthermore, for each use case, we present a high-level view of how blockchain can be leveraged and discuss the expected performance. Finally, we highlight the challenges that must be addressed to harness the full potential of blockchain technology and discuss plausible solutions.

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Series: IEEE engineering management review
ISSN: 0360-8581
ISSN-E: 1937-4178
ISSN-L: 0360-8581
Volume: 48
Issue: 3
Pages: 85 - 96
Article number: 9157910
DOI: 10.1109/EMR.2020.3014052
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work is partly supported by European Union in RESPONSE 5G (Grant No: 789658), Academy of Finland in 6Genesis (grant no. 318927) and Secure Connect projects.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
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