University of Oulu

Mutanen M, Huemer P, Autto J, Karsholt O, Kaila L (2020) Monopis jussii, a new species (Lepidoptera, Tineidae) inhabiting nests of the Boreal owl (Aegolius funereus). ZooKeys 992: 157-181.

Monopis jussii, a new species (Lepidoptera, Tineidae) inhabiting nests of the Boreal owl (Aegolius funereus)

Saved in:
Author: Mutanen, Marko1; Huemer, Peter2; Autto, Jonna3;
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Finland
2Tiroler Landesmuseen-Betriebsgesellschaft m.b.H., Innsbruck, Austria
3Unaffiliated, Rovaniemi, Finland
4Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
5University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.9 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Pensoft Publishers, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-12-03


Monopis jussii Kaila, Mutanen, Huemer, Karsholt & Autto, sp. nov. (Lepidoptera, Tineidae) is described as a new species. It is closely related to the widespread and common M. laevigella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775), but differs in its distinct COI DNA barcode sequences, four examined nuclear loci as well as details in forewing coloration and pattern. Most reared specimens of M. jussii have emerged from the nest remnants of the Boreal owl (Aegolius funereus (Linnaeus, 1758)), but also nests of the Ural owl (Strix uralensis Pallas, 1771) and the Great tit (Parus major Linnaeus, 1758) have been observed as suitable habitats. Based on the present knowledge, the new species has a boreo-montane distribution as it is recorded only from northern Europe and the Alps. Several extensive rearing experiments from Strix spp. nest remnants from southern Finland did not produce any M. jussii, but thousands of M. laevigella, suggesting that the species is lacking in the area or, more unlikely, that the nest of these owl species do not serve as good habitat for the new species. This unexpected species discovery highlights, once again, the usefulness of DNA barcoding in revealing the cryptic layers of biodiversity. To serve stability we select a neotype for Tinea laevigella [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, and discuss the complicated synonymy and nomenclature of this species.

see all

Series: Zookeys
ISSN: 1313-2989
ISSN-E: 1313-2970
ISSN-L: 1313-2989
Issue: 992
Pages: 157 - 181
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.992.53975
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Funding: Sequencing was financially supported by the Academy of Finland, Kone foundation and Finnish Cultural foundation through grants to the Finnish Barcode of Life project and furthermore supported by the Promotion of Educational Policies, University and Research Department of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano - South Tyrol with funds to the projects “Genetische Artabgrenzung ausgewählter arktoalpiner und boreomontaner Tiere Südtirols” and “Erstellung einer DNA-Barcode-Bibliothek der Schmetterlinge des zentralen Alpenraumes (Süd-, Nord- und Osttirol)”.
Copyright information: Copyright Marko Mutanen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.