University of Oulu

Hanna Kosunen, Irina Atkova & Sari Hirvonen-Kantola (2020) Co-Evolutionary Urban Planning of a Finnish City for its Low Growth Neighborhoods, Planning Theory & Practice, 21:4, 552-569, DOI: 10.1080/14649357.2020.1806342

Co-evolutionary urban planning of a Finnish city for its low growth neighborhoods

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Author: Kosunen, Hanna1; Atkova, Irina2; Hirvonen-Kantola, Sari1
Organizations: 1Oulu School of Architecture, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Oulu Business School, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2020
Publish Date: 2022-02-24


Mainstream urban planning relies on economic growth to produce social and environmental benefits, but in low-growth areas that relationship is not functional. We argue that urban planning in low-growth areas could reveal new ways to produce welfare by taking action without pre-defining the outcomes. We define such planning as co-evolutionary, and study how urban planners in the City of Turku, Finland, applied it in three low-growth contexts. We conclude that the approach was recognized, but taking action under conditions of uncertainty was challenging. Further, we identify three activities and challenges related to co-evolutionary urban planning in low-growth areas.

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Series: Planning theory & practice
ISSN: 1464-9357
ISSN-E: 1470-000X
ISSN-L: 1464-9357
Volume: 21
Issue: 4
Pages: 552 - 569
DOI: 10.1080/14649357.2020.1806342
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 211 Architecture
Funding: The lead author has received funding from the Turku Urban Research Programme.
Copyright information: © 2020 Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Planning Theory & Practice on 24 Aug 2020, available online: