Kunnari, Sari; Välimaa, Taina (2020) Narrative comprehension in simultaneously bilingual Finnish-Swedish and monolingual Finnish children. In: Ute Bohnacker and Natalia Gagarina (eds.), Studies in bilingualism: Vol 61. Developing Narrative Comprehension: Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives, (pp. 150-170). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.61.05kun
Narrative comprehension in simultaneously bilingual Finnish-Swedish and monolingual Finnish children
|Author:||Kunnari, Sari1; Välimaa, Taina1|
1University of Oulu, Finland
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe20201210100298
John Benjamins Publishing Company,
|Publish Date:|| 2021-12-31
We analysed narrative comprehension in 5-to-6-year-old simultaneously bilingual Finnish-Swedish (n = 16) and monolingual Finnish children (n = 16) by using the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN). We assessed mean total narrative comprehension scores for bilingual children in both of their languages and for monolingual children in Finnish, in both telling and retelling conditions. We compared bilingual and monolingual children’s narrative comprehension in Finnish and analysed the association between comprehension and production. We also analysed the children’s ability to answer different types of comprehension questions (i.e., questions probing goals, internal state terms, and questions requiring both the ability to draw inferences and to explain answers). We found no difference in total narrative comprehension scores for bilingual children between their two languages or between monolingual and bilingual children. This suggests language-independent narrative comprehension. We found no difference in narrative comprehension between telling and retelling and no correlation between narrative comprehension and production. However, we found a clear question type effect. Children performed better on questions probing goals or internal state terms, but questions that required both inferencing and ability to explain answers were very demanding. In conclusion, detailed analysis of narrative comprehension provides knowledge on how children create a coherent understanding of a story and utilise information in the comprehension process.
Studies in bilingualism
|Pages:||150 - 170|
Developing Narrative Comprehension : Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives
|Host publication editor:||
|Type of Publication:||
A3 Book chapter
|Field of Science:||
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