University of Oulu

Hall, C.M & Seyfi. S (2021). Conclusion: The futures of cultural heritage tourism in the MENA countries. In Hall. C.M. & Seyfi. S. Cultural and Heritage Tourism in the Middle East and North Africa. (pp. 239-252) Abingdon: Routledge.

Conclusion : the futures of cultural heritage tourism in the MENA countries

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Author: Hall, C. Michael1,2,3,4; Seyfi, Siamak5
Organizations: 1Department of Management, Marketing and Entrepreneurship at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand
2Geography, University of Oulu, Finland
3Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden
4Department of Service Management and Service Studies, Lund University, Helsingborg, Sweden
5Geography Research Unit of the University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-03-29


The chapter outlines the main themes that emerge in discussing the futures of cultural heritage tourism in the MENA region. Six main themes are identified. The tensions between the social and economic dimensions of heritage are illustrated in the construction of heritage, especially for international and domestic tourists. These tensions are also to be found in the wat in which heritage is deliberately used by some regimes to promote certain identities. The politics of identity also strongly influences the desire by some governments to seek World Heritage status for some sites, although the extent to which the heritage significance of such sites is shared by local communities appears problematic in a number of locations. Indeed, heritage tourism, conservation, and management need to look beyond World Heritage to broader issues of attachment and meaning in generating support for heritage conservation measures. The chapter finishes on two main threats to heritage in the region. The deliberate destruction of heritage, whether as part of war and political marketing or for economic gain, and from climate change.

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Series: Contemporary geographies of leisure, tourism, and mobility
ISSN: 2574-9323
ISSN-E: 2574-9331
ISSN-L: 2574-9323
ISBN: 978-0-429-27906-5
ISBN Print: 978-0-367-23271-9
Pages: 239 - 252
DOI: 10.4324/9780429279065-15
Host publication: Cultural and heritage tourism in the Middle East and North Africa : complexities, management and practices
Host publication editor: Hall, C. Michael
Seyfi, Siamak
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 520 Other social sciences
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in Cultural and Heritage Tourism in the Middle East and North Africa on 29 September 2020, available online: