University of Oulu

Hugues Seraphin, Anca C. Yallop, Siamak Seyfi & C. Michael Hall (2022) Responsible tourism: the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of empowering children, Tourism Recreation Research, 47:1, 62-77, DOI: 10.1080/02508281.2020.1819109

Responsible tourism : the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of empowering children

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Author: Seraphin, Hugues1; Yallop, Anca2; Seyfi, Siamak3,4;
Organizations: 1The University of Winchester Business School (UK)
2AUT Business School, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
3Department of Tourism (IREST) Pantheon-Sorbonne University, France
4Geography Research Unit, at the University of Oulu, Finland
5Department of Management, Marketing and Entrepreneurship University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-03-22


Children empowerment should be a core component of any responsible tourism initiatives and their involvement and support is required to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Drawing on a theory adaptation research approach, this study proposes a framework for children’s empowerment for responsible and sustainable tourism, inside and outside of the family context. The study sought to answer two key questions: Why children should be engaged in responsible tourism? How should children be engaged in responsible tourism? In addressing these key questions, the study developed a Future Responsible Tourist Capital Development (FRTCD) framework that advises on a prospective process of developing and nurturing children to have the essential skills, education and experience required for the responsible and sustainable development of the tourism industry. The findings of this study propose a new perspective on children empowerment inside and outside of the family context, and highlight the significance of children as sustainability thinkers, actioners, and transformers. Overall, the study contributes to the growing research on empowerment in sustainability discourse in general and children’s empowerment in particular.

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Series: Tourism recreation research
ISSN: 0250-8281
ISSN-E: 2320-0308
ISSN-L: 0250-8281
Volume: 47
Issue: 1
Pages: 62 - 77
DOI: 10.1080/02508281.2020.1819109
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Copyright information: © 2020 Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Tourism Recreation Research on 22 Sep 2020, available online: