University of Oulu

Siamak Seyfi, Colin Michael Hall & Tan Vo-Thanh (2022) Tourism, peace and sustainability in sanctions-ridden destinations, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 30:2-3, 372-391, DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2020.1818764

Tourism, peace and sustainability in sanctions-ridden destinations

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Author: Seyfi, Siamak1; Hall, C. Michael2,3,4,5; Vo-Thanh, Tan6
Organizations: 1Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, Finland
2Department of Management, Marketing and Entrepreneurship, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
3School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden
4Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5School of Tourism & Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
6La Rochelle Business School – Excelia Group, CEREGE – EA 1722, La Rochelle, France
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-03-22


Despite the widespread use of sanctions as a foreign policy tool in the absence of armed intervention and as a means to promote peace, there is notable absence of research on the effects of sanctions on the peacebuilding capacity of tourism and their relationship to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This situation is surprising given that both sanctions and tourism are promoted as a force for peace and reconciliation processes. Drawing upon international relations and political science and via semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders in the Iranian tourism and hospitality industry, this study investigates whether sanctions contribute to peace and create an environment suitable for tourism development. The findings indicate how the imposition, relaxation and then re-imposition of sanctions by international state actors as a means of peace have paralyzed the Iranian tourism industry through its psychological, sectoral, and societal effects and mobility restrictions. The consequences of sanctions and their sharp contrast with the SDGs are also explored. This study fills a significant gap in tourism research by examining the implications of the application of a widely used coercive geopolitical tool of statecraft in relation to the peace and tourism nexus.

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Series: Journal of sustainable tourism
ISSN: 0966-9582
ISSN-E: 1747-7646
ISSN-L: 0966-9582
Volume: 30
Issue: 2-3
Pages: 372 - 391
DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2020.1818764
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 520 Other social sciences
Copyright information: © 2020 Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sustainable Tourism on 22 Sep 2020, available online: