Leppänen, T.; Mustonen, E.; Saarela, H.; Kuokkanen, M.; Tervonen, P. Productization of Industrial Side Streams into By-Products—Case: Fiber Sludge from Pulp and Paper Industry. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2020, 6, 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040185
Productization of industrial side streams into by-products—case : fiber sludge from pulp and paper industry
|Author:||Leppänen, Tero1; Mustonen, Erno1; Saarela, Henri1;|
1Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe20201217101083
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute,
|Publish Date:|| 2020-12-17
The increasing pressure on natural resources and the climate has been noted by businesses and governments worldwide, who now face the difficult task of integrating paths of environmental sustainability and economic growth. One promising approach to sustainable development, reducing the pressure on natural resources and solving waste problems is circular economy. From different ways of implementing circular economy, this study focuses on the productization of industrial side streams, which carry a great deal of underutilized potential. In this article, the productization of pulp and paper industry side stream, fiber sludge, for commercial use as a dust-binding agent is studied via a descriptive, in-depth case study. Apart from inconsistent quality, fluctuating supply, cost of storage and logistics, what makes industrial side stream utilization challenging is the lack of knowledge that stakeholders have about side streams and their utilization and the lack of new value chain development for their commercial use. Therefore, it is essential for all parties involved to have a clearer vision of what is being sold for what purposes, through productization. This study found that the productization of side streams follows the same steps as the productization of any other traditional product, and the productized side streams can be added to the company’s product portfolio as by-products.
Journal of open innovation. Technology, market, and complexity
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
222 Other engineering and technologies
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