University of Oulu

Niko Putkinen, Pertti Sarala, Nick Eyles, Heidi Daxberger, Jouni Pihlaja, Andrew Murray, Reworked Middle Pleistocene deposits preserved in the core region of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet, Quaternary Science Advances, Volume 2, 2020, 100005, ISSN 2666-0334,

Reworked Middle Pleistocene deposits preserved in the core region of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet

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Author: Putkinen, Niko1,2; Sarala, Pertti3,4; Eyles, Nick5;
Organizations: 1Geological Survey of Finland, P.O. Box 97, 67101, Kokkola, Finland
2Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
3Geological Survey of Finland, P.O. Box 77, 96101, Rovaniemi, Finland
4Oulu Mining School, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014, University of Oulu, Finland
5University of Toronto at Scarborough, 1265 Military Trail, Scarborough, Ontario, M1C 1A4, Canada
6Nordic Laboratory for Luminescence Dating, Department of Earth Sciences, Århus University, Risø DTU, DK-4000, Roskilde, Denmark
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-12-21


During successive Pleistocene ice ages, Finnish Lapland lay under the cold-based centre of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet (FIS). This area largely escaped deep glacial erosion by the fast-flowing wet-based ice streams that developed toward the periphery of successive ice sheets. Low erosion is evident from the preservation of Neogene weathered bedrock and a significant record of tills of the pre-Weichselian sediments. To date, some 250 locations are known where sediments occur beneath and within last glaciation deposits (Weichselian). An ongoing challenge is to determine absolute ages for old sediments and to establish regional stratigraphic correlations from one site to another. At Äältövittikot, lacustrine silts and rippled sands are found as rafts and inter-till layers within the Weichelian tills. The results indicate an age range of 190–235 ka identifying a likely MIS 7 age i.e., an early or mid Saalian Stage for the older sediments and a couple of younger OSL ages representing Weichselian interstadials as an indication for the multiphase deposition of the Äältövittikot sediment complex. Overlying Weichselian tills contain large amounts of glaciotectonically-deformed and reworked Saalian material. The reworking of Saalian sediment in an up-ice position from the headward erosion zone of the Salla ice stream is important for understanding the polycyclic origins of tills found in similar locations and for interpretation of tracer minerals found in mineral exploration surveys in similar glaciated terrains.

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Series: Quaternary science advances
ISSN: 2666-0334
ISSN-L: 2666-0334
Volume: 2
Article number: 100005
DOI: 10.1016/j.qsa.2020.100005
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
Funding: NE thanks the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada for funding.
Copyright information: © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (