University of Oulu

Arslan, A., Gölgeci, I., & Larimo, J. (2021). Expatriates, Rise of Telecommuting and Implications for International Business. In COVID-19 and International Business (pp. 156–166). Routledge.

Expatriates, rise of telecommuting, and implications for international business

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Author: Arslan, Ahmad1; Golgeci, Ismail2; Larimo, Jorma3
Organizations: 1Department of Marketing, Management & IB, Oulu Business School, University of Oulu, Finland
2Department of Business Development & Technology, Aarhus University Denmark
3School of Marketing & Communications, University of Vaasa, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Routledge, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-06-21


International business (IB) travel has long been considered an important aspect of international business management strategies of multinational enterprises (MNEs). Extant literature further recognizes that expatriate managers are an essential cornerstone of MNEs’ global strategies. They play a crucial role in the management of subsidiaries as well as in knowledge transfer of organizational routines and practices. Covid-19 has caused a collapse of the airline industry due to travel restrictions, which have been referred to remain in place in one way or another for the foreseeable future. The issue of international travel has become a daunting problem in relation to Covid-19 pandemic. Many MNEs have been overwhelmed by the unprecedented and severe problems they face in regard to the mobility of their workforce. The fundamental changes in the way the global economy is being run, and firms operate offer profound future research opportunities on labor mobility and IB travel.

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ISBN: 978-1-003-10892-4
ISBN Print: 978-0-367-62324-1
Pages: 156 - 166
DOI: 10.4324/9781003108924-14
Host publication: COVID-19 and International Business : Change of Era
Host publication editor: Marinov, Marin A.
Marinova, Svetla T.
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 512 Business and management
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in COVID-19 and International Business : Change of Era on 21 December 2020, available online: