University of Oulu

Pablo Piñero, Martin Bruckner, Hanspeter Wieland, Eva Pongrácz & Stefan Giljum (2019) The raw material basis of global value chains: allocating environmental responsibility based on value generation, Economic Systems Research, 31:2, 206-227, DOI: 10.1080/09535314.2018.1536038

The raw material basis of global value chains : allocating environmental responsibility based on value generation

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Author: Piñero, Pablo1; Bruckner, Martin2; Wieland, Hanspeter2;
Organizations: 1Energy and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Institute for Ecological Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2019
Publish Date: 2020-04-29


A new approach to allocate environmental responsibility, the ‘value added-based responsibility’ allocation, is presented in this article. This metric allocates total environmental pressures occurring along an international supply chain to the participating sectors and countries according to the share of value added they generate within that specific supply chain. We show that — due to their position in global value chains — certain sectors (e.g. services) and countries (e.g. Germany) receive significantly greater responsibility compared to other allocation approaches. This adds a new perspective to the discussions concerning a fair distribution of mitigation costs among nations, companies and consumers.

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Series: Economic systems research
ISSN: 0953-5314
ISSN-E: 1469-5758
ISSN-L: 0953-5314
Volume: 31
Issue: 2
Pages: 206 - 227
DOI: 10.1080/09535314.2018.1536038
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
Funding: Pablo Piñero thanks the University of Oulu Graduate School and the Academy of Finland under the project Transition Pathways Towards Circular Economy – TRANSCIRC (App. No. 310405), for the financial support of this research. Martin Bruckner, Hanspeter Wieland and Stefan Giljum appreciate financial support by the ERC Grant ‘FINEPRINT’ (Grant No. 725525) from the European Commission.
Copyright information: © Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Economic Systems Research on 29 Oct 2018, available online: