Juha Hakala, Petteri Kangas, Lotta Rintala, Timo Fabritius & Pertti Koukkari (2020) Biocarbon from bark or black pellets as an alternative for coal in steelmaking – techno-economic evaluation, Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 35:8, 532-546, DOI: 10.1080/02827581.2020.1843704
Biocarbon from bark or black pellets as an alternative for coal in steelmaking : techno-economic evaluation
|Author:||Hakala, Juha1; Kangas, Petteri1; Rintala, Lotta1;|
1VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, Espoo, Finland
2Process Metallurgy Research Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe202101071217
|Publish Date:|| 2021-11-17
In 2018, global crude steel production was approx. 1.8 gigatonnes while its direct CO₂ emissions stood at 2 giga tonnes (2017), representing 23.5% of all direct industrial emissions. Globally iron and steel industry (ISI sector) is the second largest emitter after the cement industry while in Finland and Sweden the ISI sector is the largest industrial source of fossil CO₂. Biocarbon received from forest sector residues, such as bark, sawdust and lignin, provides an opportunity to a rapid reduction in fossil CO₂ emissions in the industry. Use of biocarbon for reduction purposes bestows an asset for both the forest and metals production and processing industry in Finland as well as in the Scandinavian countries. In this study, the focus was on the techno-economic evaluation of biocarbon production (1) from bark-based black pellets produced in a stand-alone plant close to a steel mill and (2) from bark produced in a pulp mill integrated plant. The economics of biocarbon production costs from bark appear promising, providing also an ample source, at an annual potential of up to 95,000 tonnes of biocarbon from a single pulp mill.
Scandinavian journal of forest research
|Pages:||532 - 546|
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
215 Chemical engineering
This work was supported by the Business Finland and conducted as a part of the FOR&MET R&D project (project no. 1608/31/2016) Added Value from Forest Industry for Metals Producing and Processing Integrates (2016–2019), as well as a part of the SYMMET R&D project (project no. 4286/31/2018) Symbiosis of metals production and nature (2018–2020).
© 2020 Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Juha Hakala, Petteri Kangas, Lotta Rintala, Timo Fabritius & Pertti Koukkari (2020) Biocarbon from bark or black pellets as an alternative for coal in steelmaking – techno-economic evaluation, Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 35:8, 532-546 on 17 Nov 2020, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2020.1843704.