University of Oulu

Vahid Javaheri, Sakari Pallaspuro, Antti Kaijalainen, Saeed Sadeghpour, Jukka Kömi, David Porter, Promising bending properties of a new as-rolled medium-carbon steel achieved with furnace-cooled bainitic microstructures, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 796, 2020, 140011, ISSN 0921-5093,

Promising bending properties of a new as-rolled medium-carbon steel achieved with furnace-cooled bainitic microstructures

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Author: Javaheri, Vahid1; Pallaspuro, Sakari1; Kaijalainen, Antti1;
Organizations: 1Centre for Advanced Steels Research, Materials and Mechanical Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4200, 90014, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 28.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2022-08-05


The bending properties of a new thermomechanically processed medium-carbon (0.40 wt% C) low-alloy steel, intended for the slurry transportation pipeline application, have been investigated. The studied material was hot-rolled to 10 mm thick strips followed by direct quenching to two different quench-stop temperatures (QST) of 560 °C and 420 °C. The samples were subsequently cooled slowly to room temperature in a furnace, producing two different bainitic microstructures. In general, the final microstructures on the centerline consisted of different bainitic features with yield strengths of a ~700 MPa and ~1200 MPa for QST 560 °C and 420 °C, respectively. To determine the factors affecting bendability, as determined by three-point brake press bending tests, local microstructural features and texture were characterized with transmission and scanning electron-microscoy and macrohardness tests. Detailed quantitative microstructural evaluation of both subsurface and mid-thickness regions revealed that the bainitic sample produced at the higher temperature (QST 560) consisted of almost equal amounts of bainite types B1 and B2, where B1 has bainitic sheaves with a low dislocation density and intralath cementite, and B2 a very dislocation-dense morphology with mainly interlath cementite. In the QST 420 sample, the high dislocation density components B2 bainite and martensite were dominant, although martensite was only present near the strip surfaces. Different post-rolling cooling conditions did not change the general crystallographic theme but resulted in a slight increase in the texture intensity of the QST 420 sample. Neither the concave nor convex subsurface regions showed significant changes in texture after bending. The more favorable distributions of microstructural components and textural component intensities in the QST 560 sample resulted in higher elongation to fracture and work-hardening capacity, resulting a smaller minimum usable punch radius than for the stronger QST 420 sample. Fractographic examination of the cracked surfaces revealed that cracks developed by shear band formation followed by surface roughening, which promoted subsequent void and micro crack nucleation and growth.

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Series: Materials science & engineering. A, Structural materials: properties, microstructure and processing
ISSN: 0921-5093
ISSN-E: 1873-4936
ISSN-L: 0921-5093
Volume: 796
Article number: 140011
DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2020.140011
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Funding: The authors are grateful for financial support from the Academy of Finland (#311934 – Genome of Steel Project). Vahid Javaheri would also like to thank the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation for a personal grant.
Copyright information: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license