University of Oulu

Päivi Haapasaari, Suvi Ignatius, Mia Pihlajamäki, Andreas Bryhn, Simo Sarkki, Jouni Tuomisto, Lauri Nevalainen, Annukka Lehikoinen, Timo Assmuth, Atso Romakkaniemi, Heikki Peltonen, Sakari Kuikka, Integrated governance for managing multidimensional problems: Potentials, challenges, and arrangements, Marine Policy, Volume 123, 2021, 104276, ISSN 0308-597X,

Integrated governance for managing multidimensional problems : potentials, challenges, and arrangements

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Author: Haapasaari, Päivi1,2,3; Ignatius, Suvi1,3; Pihlajamäki, Mia4,5;
Organizations: 1Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 1 (P.O. Box 65) FIN-00014, Helsinki, Finland
2Centre for Blue Governance (CBG), Department of Planning, Aalborg University, Rendsburggade 14, DK-9000 Aalborg, Denmark
3Kotka Maritime Research Centre, Keskuskatu 7, 48100 Kotka, Finland
4Faculty of Management and Business,Tampere University, FI-33014 Tampere, Finland
5Water and Development Research Group, Aalto University, P.O. Box 15200, 00760, Espoo, Finland
6Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Resources, Skolgatan 6, SE-74242 Öregrund, Sweden
7Cultural Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
8Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Environmental Health, Neulaniementie 4, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701 Kuopio, Finland
9Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Latokartanonkaari 11, 00790 Helsinki, Finland
10Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), University of Oulu, Paavo Havaksen tie 3, 90014, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-01-21


The implementation challenge of ecosystem-based (fisheries) management (EB(F)M) has entailed calls for integrated governance (IG) approaches in the marine field. We arranged an expert workshop to study the preconditions and applicability of IG, and to suggest how IG could be arranged in practice. Focusing on the management of the dioxin problem shared by the herring and salmon fisheries in the Baltic Sea, and using a coupled ‘insight network’- SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) methodology, we evaluated two scenarios: 1) IG of herring and salmon fisheries to benefit from collaboration between these fisheries that suffer from the same problem, and 2) IG between the fisheries sector and the food/public health sector to incorporate food safety in fisheries governance. Our results demonstrate that a variety of societal, political, institutional, operational, instrumental, and biological factors affect the applicability of IG in marine contexts, and work as preconditions for IG. While societal needs for IG were obvious in our case, as major challenges for it we identified the competing cross-sectoral objectives, path dependencies, and limitations of experts to think and work across fields. The study suggests that establishing an IG framework by adding new aspects upon the current governance structures may be easier to accept and adapt to, than creating new strategic or advisory bodies or other new capacities. Viewing IG as a framework for understanding cross-sectoral issues instead of one that requires a defined level and form of integrated assessment and management may be a way towards social learning, and thereby towards the implementation of more sophisticated, open and broad EB(F)M frameworks.

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Series: Marine policy
ISSN: 0308-597X
ISSN-E: 1872-9460
ISSN-L: 0308-597X
Volume: 123
Article number: 104276
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104276
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 520 Other social sciences
5141 Sociology
517 Political science
616 Other humanities
Funding: This paper is a contribution from the BONUS GOHERR project, which has received funding from BONUS (The joint Baltic Sea research and development programme) (Art 185), funded jointly by the EU, the Academy of Finland and the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (FORMAS). The work of S. Kuikka was supported by the Strategic Research Council (SRC) of the Academy of Finland under the project “Creative adaptation to wicked socioenvironmental disruptions” (WISE) (grant number 312627 and under the SRC project "SmartSea" (grant number 292 985).
Copyright information: © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (