University of Oulu

Wikström B, Huemer P, Mutanen M, Tyllinen J, Kaila L (2020) Pyralis cardinalis, a charismatic new species related to P. regalis [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, first recognized in Finland (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Nota Lepidopterologica 43: 337-364.

Pyralis cardinalis, a charismatic new species related to P. regalis [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, first recognized in Finland (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae)

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Author: Wikström, Bo1; Huemer, Peter2; Mutanen, Marko3;
Organizations: 1Unaffiliated, Nummela, Finland
2Tiroler Landesmuseen-Betriebsgesellschaft m.b.H., Innsbruck, Austria
3University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Unaffiliated, Vantaa, Finland
5University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Pensoft Publishers, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-02-17


The informal Pyralis regalis complex, including species of the genus Pyralis Linnaeus, 1758 (Pyralidae), with a bright white or silvery pattern on the forewing, is reviewed, supplemented by observations of the externally distinguished P. perversalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1849), which also exhibits similarities in genitalia and DNA barcodes.

We describe Pyralis cardinalis Kaila, Huemer, Mutanen, Tyllinen & Wikström, sp. nov., based on specimens ranging from Denmark and Sweden in the West to Japan and South Korea in the East. A neotype is designated for the predominantly South European P. regalis [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775. Lectotypes are designated for Asopia kacheticalis Christoph, 1893 and Pyralis princeps Butler, 1889. Pyralis regalis ssp. sagarrai Leraut, 2005 is considered a valid species, stat. nov.

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Series: Nota lepidopterologica
ISSN: 0342-7536
ISSN-E: 2367-5365
ISSN-L: 0342-7536
Volume: 43
Pages: 337 - 364
DOI: 10.3897/nl.43.54916
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Funding: Sequencing was financially supported by the Academy of Finland, Kone foundation and the Finnish Cultural foundation through grants to the Finnish Barcode of Life and the Finnish Biodiversity Information Facility projects for which we are very grateful. The study was furthermore supported by the Promotion of Educational Policies, University and Research Department of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano – South Tyrol with funds to PH to the projects “Genetische Artabgrenzung ausgewählter arktoalpiner und boreomontaner Tiere Südtirols” and “Erstellung einer DNA-Barcode-Bibliothek der Schmetterlinge des zentralen Alpenraumes (Süd-, Nord- und Osttirol)”. Sónia Ferreira has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement No 668981 for producing crucial data also for this publication.
Copyright information: © 2020 Bo Wikström, Peter Huemer, Marko Mutanen, Juha Tyllinen, Lauri Kaila. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.