University of Oulu

Wiens, V., Soronen, K., Kyngäs, H., & Pölkki, T. (2021). Enhancing Adolescent Girls’ Well-Being in the Arctic—Finding What Motivates Spending Time in Nature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4), 2052. doi:10.3390/ijerph18042052

Enhancing adolescent girls’ well-being in the Arctic : finding what motivates spending time in nature

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Author: Wiens, Varpu1; Soronen, Kari2; Kyngäs, Helvi1,3;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lapland, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland
3Oulu University Hospital, 90220 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-02-26


Background: According to previous studies, the natural environment positively influences well-being, including that of adolescent girls. However, knowledge is lacking on what motivates adolescent girls to spend time in nature. A secondary analysis of qualitative data was conducted employing three preexisting sets of interview data that had formed the basis of previously published research reports. A novel perspective on what motivates adolescent girls in the Arctic to spend time in nature was uncovered—a finding that previous articles have not reported.

Aim: The aim was to describe what motivates adolescent girls in the Arctic to spend time in nature.

Methods: The participants were adolescent girls aged 13 to 16 living in the province of Finnish Lapland. The girls wrote about well-being (n = 117) and were interviewed (n = 19) about the meaning of seasonal changes, nature and animals’ influence on well-being. Also, five focus group interviews (n = 17) were held. The materials were analyzed by inductive content analysis.

Results: After the secondary analysis, three generic categories were found: (1) wanting to have pleasant emotions, (2) the possibility of participating in activities and (3) a desire to feel better. The main category of “need to experience positive sensations” was formed.

Conclusion: Based on these results, through personalized guidance and advice, it is possible to strengthen adolescent girls’ willingness to spend time in nature.

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Series: International journal of environmental research and public health
ISSN: 1661-7827
ISSN-E: 1660-4601
ISSN-L: 1661-7827
Volume: 18
Issue: 4
Article number: 2052
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18042052
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Copyright information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (