University of Oulu

Valtonen, T., Hoang, N., Sointu, E., Näykki, P., Virtanen, A., Pöysä-Tarhonen, J., Häkkinen, P., Järvelä, S., Mäkitalo, K., & Kukkonen, J. (2021). How pre-service teachers perceive their 21st-century skills and dispositions: A longitudinal perspective. Computers in Human Behavior, 116, 106643.

How pre-service teachers perceive their 21st-century skills and dispositions : a longitudinal perspective

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Author: Valtonen, Teemu1; Hoang, Nhi1; Sointu, Erkko1;
Organizations: 1University of Eastern Finland, Faculty of Philosophy, P.O.BOX 111, 80101, Joensuu, Finland
2University of Oulu, Department of Educational Sciences and Teacher Education Learning and Educational Technology Research Unit (LET), P.O.BOX 2000, Oulu, Finland
3University of Jyväskylä, Finnish Institute for Educational Research, P.O. Box 35, FI, 40014, Jyväskylä, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-03-04


Research-based discussions about 21st-century skills are currently needed; 21st-century skills refer to skills that today‘s students are expected to possess for successful future careers. The ways students perceive these skills or what kind of dispositions they have in this regard are significant. This paper provides an overview of the development of pre-service teachers‘ perceived 21st-century skills and dispositions. The quantitative data was collected in three phases during 2014, 2015, and 2016 at three Finnish universities. The number of respondents at each measurement point varied from 209 to 267. Data were analysed using latent growth curve modeling. The study focuses on students‘ perceptions of three areas related to 21st-century skills: learning skills, collaboration dispositions, and skills to use ICT. The results show that the three areas evolved in different ways. Learning skills and collaboration dispositions show up as yearly assessments that remain at the same level, with small differences among respondents, unlike skills to use ICT with bigger yearly changes. The measured areas also appear as separate entities throughout the bachelor‘s studies, with small or non-significant correlations. These results reveal important new perspectives on how pre-service teachers perceive 21st-century skills and how perceptions evolve during teacher education.

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Series: Computers in human behavior
ISSN: 0747-5632
ISSN-E: 0747-5632
ISSN-L: 0747-5632
Volume: 116
Article number: 106643
DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2020.106643
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: This work was supported by Suomen Akatemia/Academy of Finland [grant number 296799 and 273970].
Copyright information: © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (