University of Oulu

Mapunda, G. A., Ramogomana, R., Marata, L., Basutli, B., Khan, A. S., & Chuma, J. M. (2020). Indoor Visible Light Communication: A Tutorial and Survey. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2020, 1–46.

Indoor visible light communication : a tutorial and survey

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Author: Mapunda, Galefang Allycan1; Ramogomana, Reuben1; Marata, Leatile2;
Organizations: 1Department of Electrical, Computer and Telecommunication Engineering, Botswana International University of Science and Technology, Private Bag, 16 Palapye, Botswana
2Center for Wireless Communication, University of Oulu, Finland
3School of Computing, Electronics and Mathematics, Coventry University, CV1 5FB, UK
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Hindawi, 2020
Publish Date: 2021-03-25


With the advancement of solid-state devices for lighting, illumination is on the verge of being completely restructured. This revolution comes with numerous advantages and viable opportunities that can transform the world of wireless communications for the better. Solid-state LEDs are rapidly replacing the contemporary incandescent and fluorescent lamps. In addition to their high energy efficiency, LEDs are desirable for their low heat generation, long lifespan, and their capability to switch on and off at an extremely high rate. The ability of switching between different levels of luminous intensity at such a rate has enabled the inception of a new communication technology referred to as visible light communication (VLC). With this technology, the LED lamps are additionally being used for data transmission. This paper provides a tutorial and a survey of VLC in terms of the design, development, and evaluation techniques as well as current challenges and their envisioned solutions. The focus of this paper is mainly directed towards an indoor setup. An overview of VLC, theory of illumination, system receivers, system architecture, and ongoing developments are provided. We further provide some baseline simulation results to give a technical background on the performance of VLC systems. Moreover, we provide the potential of incorporating VLC techniques in the current and upcoming technologies such as fifth-generation (5G), beyond fifth-generation (B5G) wireless communication trends including sixth-generation (6G), and intelligent reflective surfaces (IRSs) among others.

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Series: Wireless communications and mobile computing
ISSN: 1530-8669
ISSN-E: 1530-8677
ISSN-L: 1530-8669
Volume: 2020
Article number: 8881305
DOI: 10.1155/2020/8881305
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: We would like to acknowledge the Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST) for research funding. This work was supported by BIUST under grant numbers R00067, R00068 and S00077.
Copyright information: Copyright © 2020 Galefang Allycan Mapunda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.