University of Oulu

Juutinen, M., & Mettovaara, J. (2021). Saamelaiskielten indefiniittipronominien jäljillä. In Hämäläinen, M., Partanen, N., Alnajjar, K. (eds.) Multilingual Facilitation (pp. 104–127). University of Helsinki.

Saamelaiskielten indefiniittipronominien jäljillä

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Author: Juutinen, Markus1; Mettovaara, Jukka1
Organizations: 1Oulun yliopisto
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
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Language: Finnish
Published: Helsingin yliopisto, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-03-30


We provide an overview of indefinite pronouns in Saami languages that have been borrowed or calqued from Finnic, Scandinavian or Russian. We define indefinite pronouns in the traditional way, i.e. encompassing all pronouns not belonging to any other pronoun class. The treatment of Saami indefinite pronouns in earlier literature varies, but generally they haven’t received as much attention as other pronouns. From Finnic sources, Saami languages have borrowed e.g. pronouns harva ‘few’, joku ‘some(one)’, kaikki ‘all’, moni ‘many’ and muu ‘other’ as well as pronominal elements ikänänsä ‘-ever’, saati ‘let alone’ and vaikka ‘even (if)’. Loans from Scandinavian include e.g. mange ‘many’, noen~ någon ‘some’ and same ~ samma ‘same’. Russian loans include pronominalelements ни- ‘not (even)’ хоть ‘even (if)’. Indefinite pronouns in Saami prove to be rather an open class, and elements with similar meanings have been borrowed time after time. The variation is especially abundant in pronouns of indifference and free choice. Most of the pronouns in our data have been noted as loans before, but there are some unnoticed cases. Especially these warrant further study.

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ISBN: 978-951-51-5025-7
ISBN Print: 979-871-33-6227-0
Pages: 104 - 127
DOI: 10.31885/9789515150257.11
Host publication: Multilingual facilitation
Host publication editor: Hämäläinen, Mika
Partanen, Niko
Alnajjar, Khalid
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 6121 Languages
Copyright information: CC BY 4.0.