University of Oulu

Kontu, M., Hakko, H., Riala, K. et al. Adolescence Predictors for Drug Crime Offending: A Follow-up Study of Former Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatients. Community Ment Health J 57, 736–745 (2021).

Adolescence predictors for drug crime offending : a follow-up study of former adolescent psychiatric inpatients

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Author: Kontu, Mikaela1; Hakko, Helinä2; Riala, Kaisa2;
Organizations: 1Department of Psychiatry, Research Unit of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Oulu, P.O.Box 5000, 90014, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-04-15


Our aim was to examine adolescent predictors (family- and school-related factors, substance use, and psychiatric disorders) for drug crime offending. The initial study population consisted of 508 former adolescent psychiatric inpatients aged between 13 and 17 years. Of them, 60 (12%) had committed a drug crime by young adulthood and they were matched with 120 (24%) non-criminal controls by sex, age and family type. During adolescent hospitalization, study participants were interviewed using valid semi-structured research instruments. Criminal records were obtained from the Finnish Legal Register Centre up to young adulthood. A distant relationship with a father, lying, and thieving, moderate/high nicotine dependence and weekly use of stimulants were shown to be the most prominent predictors for drug crime offending. Our findings encourage the use of modern child- and family-centered approaches in preventing youth involvement in illegal drug use and drug crimes.

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Series: Community mental health journal
ISSN: 0010-3853
ISSN-E: 1573-2789
ISSN-L: 0010-3853
Volume: 57
Issue: 4
Pages: 736 - 745
DOI: 10.1007/s10597-020-00708-2
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3112 Neurosciences
Funding: Open access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital. This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
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