University of Oulu

J. Riekki and A. Mämmelä, "Research and Education Towards Smart and Sustainable World," in IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 53156-53177, 2021, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3069902

Research and education towards smart and sustainable world

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Author: Riekki, Jukka1; Mämmelä, Aarne2
Organizations: 1Center for Ubiquitous Computing, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
2VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., 90570 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 7.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-04-27


We propose a vision for directing research and education in the field of information and communications technology (ICT). Our Smart and Sustainable World vision targets prosperity for the people and the planet through better awareness and control of both human-made and natural environments. The needs of society, individuals, and industries are fulfilled with intelligent systems that sense their environment, make proactive decisions on actions advancing their goals, and perform the actions on the environment. We emphasize artificial intelligence, feedback loops, human acceptance and control, intelligent use of basic resources, performance parameters, mission-oriented interdisciplinary research, and a holistic systems view complementing the conventional analytical reductive view as a research paradigm, especially for complex problems. To serve a broad audience, we explain these concepts and list the essential literature. We suggest planning research and education by specifying, in a step-wise manner, scenarios, performance criteria, system models, research problems, and education content, resulting in common goals and a coherent project portfolio as well as education curricula. Research and education produce feedback to support evolutionary development and encourage creativity in research. Finally, we propose concrete actions for realizing this approach.

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Series: IEEE access
ISSN: 2169-3536
ISSN-E: 2169-3536
ISSN-L: 2169-3536
Volume: 9
Pages: 53156 - 53177
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3069902
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Funding: This work was supported in part by the Academy of Finland through the 6Genesis Flagship project under Grant 318927, and in part by the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd. through the Communications in the Smart World (COMMIT) project.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Authors 2021. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see