University of Oulu

Ramírez‐Valiente, J.A., Solé‐Medina, A., Pyhäjärvi, T., Savolainen, O., Cervantes, S., Kesälahti, R., Kujala, S.T., Kumpula, T., Heer, K., Opgenoorth, L., Siebertz, J., Danusevicius, D., Notivol, E., Benavides, R. and Robledo‐Arnuncio, J.J. (2021), Selection patterns on early‐life phenotypic traits in Pinus sylvestris are associated with precipitation and temperature along a climatic gradient in Europe. New Phytol, 229: 3009-3025. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17029

Selection patterns on early‐life phenotypic traits in Pinus sylvestris are associated with precipitation and temperature along a climatic gradient in Europe

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Author: Ramírez-Valiente, José Alberto1; Solé-Medina, Aida1,2; Pyhäjärvi, Tanja3,4;
Organizations: 1Department of Forest Ecology & Genetics, INIA-CIFOR, Ctra. de la Coruña km 7.5, Madrid 28040, Spain
2Escuela Internacional de Doctorado, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/ Tulipán s/n, Móstoles 28933, Spain
3Department of Ecology and Genetics, University of Oulu, Oulu FIN-90014, Finland
4Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu FIN-90014, Finland
5Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Jokioinen 90570, Finland
6Conservation Biology, Philipps Universität Marburg, Karl-von-Frisch Strasse 8, Marburg 35043, Germany
7Plant Ecology and Geobotany, Philipps Universität Marburg, Karl-von-Frisch Strasse 8, Marburg 35043, Germany
8Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Z¨urcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf 8903, Switzerland
9Faculty of Forest Science and Ecology, Vytautas Magnus University, Studentu˛ str. 11, Akademija, Kaunas LT-53361, Lithuania
10Unidad de Recursos Forestales, Centro de Investigacíon y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), Avda. Montañana 930, Zaragoza 50059, Spain
11Department of Biogeography and Global Change, LINCGlobal, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, C/ José Gutíerrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006, Spain
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2021042713039
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-10-24
Description:

Summary

Understanding the dynamics of selection is key to predicting the response of tree species to new environmental conditions in the current context of climate change. However, selection patterns acting on early recruitment stages and their climatic drivers remain largely unknown in most tree species, despite being a critical period of their life cycle.

We measured phenotypic selection on Pinus sylvestris seed mass, emergence time and early growth rate over 2 yr in four common garden experiments established along the latitudinal gradient of the species in Europe.

Significant phenotypic plasticity and among‐population genetic variation were found for all measured phenotypic traits. Heat and drought negatively affected fitness in the southern sites, but heavy rainfalls also decreased early survival in middle latitudes. Climate‐driven directional selection was found for higher seed mass and earlier emergence time, while the form of selection on seedling growth rates differed among sites and populations. Evidence of adaptive and maladaptive phenotypic plasticity was found for emergence time and early growth rate, respectively.

Seed mass, emergence time and early growth rate have an adaptive role in the early stages of P. sylvestris and climate strongly influences the patterns of selection on these fitness‐related traits.

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Series: New phytologist
ISSN: 0028-646X
ISSN-E: 1469-8137
ISSN-L: 0028-646X
Volume: 229
Issue: 5
Pages: 3009 - 3025
DOI: 10.1111/nph.17029
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/nph.17029
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
Subjects:
Funding: This study was funded by the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement no. 676876 (GenTree project). ASM was supported by a PhD fellowship (FPI‐SGIT‐INIA) and TP by the Academy of Finland (287431).
EU Grant Number: (676876) GenTree - Optimising the management and sustainable use of forest genetic resources in Europe
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 287431
Detailed Information: 287431 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Dataset Reference: The datasets of this study are included in Supporting Information Dataset S1. The R code for the main analyses is included in Notes S1.
Copyright information: © 2020 The Authors, New Phytologist © 2020 New Phytologist Foundation. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ramírez‐Valiente, J.A., Solé‐Medina, A., Pyhäjärvi, T., Savolainen, O., Cervantes, S., Kesälahti, R., Kujala, S.T., Kumpula, T., Heer, K., Opgenoorth, L., Siebertz, J., Danusevicius, D., Notivol, E., Benavides, R. and Robledo‐Arnuncio, J.J. (2021), Selection patterns on early‐life phenotypic traits in Pinus sylvestris are associated with precipitation and temperature along a climatic gradient in Europe. New Phytol, 229: 3009-3025, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17029. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.